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THE INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ALPHABET (revised to 2005) CONSONANTS (PULMONIC) ´ A Å i y È Ë ¨ u P e e Ø o E { ø O a ” å I Y U Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel. oe ò Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Post alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal Plosive p b t d Ê c Ô k g q G / Nasal m μ n = N Trill ı r R Tap or Flap v | « Fricative F B f v T D s z S Z ß ç J x V X Â © ? h H Lateral fricative Ò L Approximant ® j ˜ Lateral approximant l ¥ K Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible. CONSONANTS (NON-PULMONIC) SUPRASEGMENTALS VOWELS OTHER SYMBOLS Clicks Voiced implosives Ejectives > Bilabial Bilabial Examples: ˘ Dental Î Dental/alveolar p Bilabial !
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  • Fall '07
  • Lohman-Hawk
  • International Phonetic Alphabet, alveolar lateral flap, Flap Fricative Lateral fricative Approximant, alveolar Palatoalveolar Alveolar, Lateral approximant Alveolar, Dental/alveolar Velar Alveolar

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