EDCI 270022:18February 2nd Chapter 1Who are exceptional children? These children would either below or above the norm: require an individualized programor special education Kids that are gifted are not characterized as severed under state law Federal law is for those who are non gifted and need extra attention 4 key terms Impairment- the loss or reduced function of a body part or organ Disability- exists when an impairment limits the ability to preform certain tasks Handicap- a problem encountered when interacting with the environment Not all children with a disability are handicapped At risk- children who have a grater than usual chance of developing a disability (Those children who are at risk is generally due to the teacher not knowing what they are doing) HISTORY At the close of the 18th century in France procedure for educating children with sensory impairments (blind, deaf) had been developed Early 19th century saw the first attempts made to educate “idiots” and the “insane” children now believed to be those who were emotionally or behaviorally disordered A new attitude was forming in America and France. Leading reforms in medicine and education began purporting that children and adults with disabilities should be taught skills that would allow them to become independent productive citizens. French
Jean Marc Gaspard ItardFrench physician who was noted for his knowledge of diseases of the ear and on educating students who were deaf. He became known for educating the “wild Boy”. His interventions dramatically improved this child’s behavior Philippe Pinel this French physician was a mentor to Itard. He was an advocate of humane treatment to the ‘insane”. He thought Itard was wasting his time with the wild boy Edward Seguin he was a student of Itard. He immigrated to the US in 1648. He was noted as an educator of “idiotic” children their contributions individualized instruction carefully sequenced series of educational tasks emphasis in simulation Americans Samuel Gridley Howe He was a graduate of Harvard he founded the Perkins school for the blind in Watertown Massachusetts and taught students who were deaf and blind he achieved success in teaching Laura Bridgmen who was deaf and blind greatly influencing the education of Helen Keller Thomas Hopkins Galluadet He was a minister who attempted to teach a girl who was deaf. He established in 1817 the first residential school in America for students who were deaf in Hartford Connecticut Gallueadet University was named in his honor.
Disability Categories Developmentally Delayed Learning Disability (LD) – ADHD Autism Communication Disorder (Speech/Lang disorder) Hearing Impairment (HI) Traumatic Brain Energy (TBI) Intellectual Disabilities (MR) Emotional Behavior Disorders (EBD) - ADHDVisual Impairment (VI) Deaf/Blindness (both) Physical and Health Impairments – ADHD Multiple DisabilitiesHow many exceptional children are there?