Thermop - Hannah Fischbach Critical Thinking Gina Miller...

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Hannah Fischbach Critical Thinking Gina Miller Thermopylae: A Strategical Analysis The Battle of Thermopylae was one of the first major battles fought in The Greco-Persian wars, which began in 480 BCE and lasted only one year. Xerxes, son of Darius, and king of Persia, wanted to finish what his father had started and include in his empire the precious land of the Hellenes. Xerxes began by trying to negotiate with the Greeks to buy their land and their loyalty. Many nobles from rich poleis with small armies agreed readily, but from cities like Sparta, no reply was given. As the Persians neared, small groups of men from around Greece desperately searched for a leader to unite them in the battle to come. Leonidas, kind of the Spartans, stepped forward. After long consideration, Leonidas decided on where he wanted to have the battle and who he would take with him. He selected three hundred of his own men (known as The Three Hundred) who all had sons to carry on their blood line. Each of these men brought one squire, bringing their number up to around six hundred men. From all around Greece they were able to round up another 7,000, many of whom deserted before the first clash of swords. Seven hundred of these 7,000 were Thespians who lived on the Greek border and had already witnessed the havoc that the Persians could create. Thermopylae, or “the hot gates,” was a small spa known well to the upper class of Greece for the natural hot spring that ran through it. It was also know for its strange geography. This pass was the main route between northern and southern Greece. Otherwise one would have to navigate the rugged surrounding mountains to travel between the north and south. On one side of
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this small spa was the great Mount Oeta and on the other the Malian Gulf. At one point along the way, the pass was only wide enough to fit about fifty men abreast, and that was when the tide was out. Leonidas picked this spot for that very reason. As soon as the Greek army reached Thermopylae, Leonidas put his men to work. There, at Thermopylae, there was the crumbled remnants of a wall, called the Phokian Wall, that was put in place to protect southern Greece from any invasion that might come from the north. It had been built many years earlier and now lay in ruins. The army began rebuilding the wall by piling
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course GS 133 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '07 term at Alaska Pacific University.

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Thermop - Hannah Fischbach Critical Thinking Gina Miller...

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