8-27-07 history - History 1043 Lecture Notes 1 Topics to discuss a Motives for exploration b Portuguese exploration c Navigational Instruments d

8-27-07 history - History 1043 Lecture Notes 1 Topics to...

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8/27/07 History 1043 Lecture Notes 1. Topics to discuss a. Motives for exploration b. Portuguese exploration c. Navigational Instruments d. Knowledge of winds and currents i. Begin to utilize strategy called volta do mar 1. Return thru the sea 2. Path of least resistance 3. Faster 4. Safer 5. More reliable 2. European Exploration a. First explored Asia and Africa-Motives i. Religious -christianity ii. Economic iii. Political b. Increase in technology i. Maritime travel 1. Rudder-allowed for better steering a. Chinese invention 2. Developed lateen sails a. Triangular in shape b. Square sails only captures wind in front or behind you
c. Lateen captured all sails 3. Magnetic Compass a. Chinese invention b. Helped to find out where going 4. Astrolab a. Allowed sailors to measure latitude at which they were at 5. Constructed backstaffs/crossstaffs a. Constructed by arab sailors b. Navigational tool 6. Caravel a. One/fifth the size of other merchant trading ships b. Fast c. Whethered storms better at sea d.

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