Physics-of-gravity - NU Journal of Discovery Vol 9 July 2013\/Physics-of-gravity r r r r Physics of Gravity 1 2 Force exists when both and

Physics-of-gravity - NU Journal of Discovery Vol 9 July...

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NU Journal of Discovery, Vol 9, July 2013, 1 Physics of Gravity Tom Chalko Mt Best, Victoria 3960, Australia [email protected] Submitted on 2 July 2013, accepted on 12 July 2013. Text between equations (3) and (4) modified 22 March 2014. © Tom Chalko 2013. This article can be distributed freely and published in other journals on the condition that its content is not modified. Please keep your local copy in case access this article becomes restricted. Check for updates using a link in the header. Abstract. This article considers electromagnetic origin of gravity and describes techniques to generate gravitational field that has the opposite sign to that of Earth. Introduction Define “spin current” g1835 g3046 g3404g1869g2033 , where g2033 is the angular velocity of spin of a charge g1869 . Spin current g1869g2033 , measured in Amperes [A] , does not flow through a conductor, but “exists” when a charge g1869 spins. Spin currents are present in every atom and most components of the Universe, but they seem omitted in the current theory of electromagnetism. The remainder of this article demonstrates that spin current g1869g2033 may be responsible for existence of the force that we now call “gravity” and that we should be able to engineer practical gravity control devices. Hypothesis Let’s consider that the average value of the “gravitational” force g1780 g3552 g2929 between two objects as a cumulative result of average spin currents g1835 g3046g2869 g3554 uni0061uni006Euni0064g1835 g3046g2870 g3554 in each object as follows: g1780 g3552 g2929 g3404g3398g1827 g2868 g2870 g1835 g3046g2869 g3554 g1835 g3046g2870 g3554 g1870 g2870 g1818 uni0072 g4666uni0031g4667 where r is the distance between objects, g1818 g2928 is a unit vector that defines direction, and g1827 g2868 g2870 is a positive constant that we shall try to estimate later on in this article. This equation is as elementary as the definition of Ampere that links mechanical forces to electromagnetism. In line with tradition we can represent the force g1780 g2929 using average spin current fields g1845 g4632 g2869 uni0061uni006Euni0064g1845 g4632 g2870 as follows: g1780 g3552 g2929 g3404g3398g1827 g2868 g2870 g4678 g1835 g3046g2869 g3554 uni0072 g4679g4678 g1835 g3046g2870 g3554 uni0072 g4679 g1818 uni0072 g1565g3398g1827 g2868 g2870 g1845 g4632 g2869 g1845 g4632 g2870 g1818 uni0072 g4666uni0032g4667 Force g1780 g3552 g2929 exists when both g1845 g4632 g2869 uni0061uni006Euni0064g1845 g4632 g2870 exist and interact. Spin current field potential Consider a field potential S due to spin current g1869g2033 of an elementary charge, say an electron. Electrical field potential around a charge is known to be isotropic, i.e. identical in all directions. In contrast, field potential S should be expected to be anisotropic. On the basis of astronomic observations of spinning systems, specifically a presence of collimated symmetric jets observed during star formation process along axes of spin [2], it is reasonable to expect that the spin current field S is restricted to a symmetric cone defined by a solid angle g2011 g2868 around the spin axis.
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