CHAPTER REVIEWWords to KnowSui Dynasty- 589-618. Recentralized China, Public works. Grand Canal. Extended Equal Field System. Tang Dynasty- 618-907. High point in Chinese history. Boundaries extended and everything flourished. Moved into Asia (Turks). China was seen as culturally superior with Buddhism, Daoism, Confuscianism. Weakness at imperial ct lead to downfall.Song Dynasty- 960-1276. New emperor took control undermining the military. Created first navy. Civil Service Examinations- Competitive, Had to be taken in order to become a government official. Grand Canal- Built in the Sui dynasty. helped the government by providing food supplies to the capital and to military outposts throughout the empire, as well as by facilitating troop movements. played a major role in creating a truly unified China, by promoting trade, travel, and the flow of information from north to south.Equal Field System- a government program designed to ensure that farmers had access to land by redistributing it on a regular basis to those families who actually did the hard work of raising crops.Mandate of Heaven- Tang emperors and their subjects believed that an emperor’s rightto rule had been bestowed upon him by “Heaven”. A true son of heaven would work to promote social and political harmony, but an unjust one would lose heaven’s mandate. “Emperor” Wu – (624-705) Concubine who had a son with the emperor, and through the son she seized direct power for herself. Then she sent around a “prophecy” text thatpredicted the coming of a benevolent female ruler to justify her actions.