Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Study Guide Psychology 101 Chapter 1...

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1 Chapter 1 Study Guide Psychology 101 Chapter 1 Focus Questions 1.  What was Descartes’s version of dualism?  How did it help pave the way for a science  of psychology? - Descartes placed a heavier emphasis on the capabilities of the body versus that of the soul,  believed complex processes could be described through mechanical means (allowed  psychologists to begin examining body) 2.  Why was Descartes’s theory, despite its intuitive appeal, unsuitable for a complete  psychology? - Descartes’s attributed thoughts to being controlled by soul and were therefore out of bounds  for scientific analysis 3.  How did Hobbes’s materialism help lay the groundwork for a science of psychology? - Hobbes believed that the spirit, or soul, was a meaningless concept and that nothing existed  but matter and energy (definition of materialism), he introduced the idea that all behavior can  now be studied, laid the groundwork for psychology because in his view, all human behavior  (including thoughts) could be studied and understood in terms of physical processes in body  (especially in the brain) 4.   How did 19 th  century understanding of the nervous system inspire a theory of  behavior called reflexology? - 19 th  century scientists discovered basic reflexes (such as automatic withdrawal in response to  a pin prick) and physiologists began to suggest that all human behavior occurs through reflexes,  even voluntary actions
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Nosek during the Fall '07 term at UVA.

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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Study Guide Psychology 101 Chapter 1...

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