Chapter 4

Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 Study Guide Psychology 101 Chapter 4...

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1 Chapter 4 Study Guide Psychology 101 Chapter 4 Definitions Learning- any process through which experience at one time can alter an individual’s behavior  at a future time Classical conditioning-learning process that had to do with the formation of new reflexes Alsoo is a form of reflex learning that does produce a new stimulus response sequence Reflex-a simple, relatively automatic, stimulus-response sequence mediated by the nervous  system Stimulus- results in a particular well-defined event in the environment Respones- well-defined bit of behavior Habituation- decline in the magnitude of a reflexive response when the stimulus is repeated  several times in succession Simplest form of learning Ivan Pavlov- studied the stimulus- response reflex Initially discovered classical sonditioning Conditioned reflex- depended on the unique conditions present in the dog-s previous  experience- pairing the bell sound with food Conditioned stimulus- stimulus in a conditioned reflex (the bell sound) Conditioned response-the learned response (salivation) Unconditioned reflex-original unlearned reflex Unconditional stimulus-food place in the mouth Unconditioned response – salivation Look at figure 4.2 on page 93 Before condition Netral stimulus(bell) leads to no response Unconditioned stimulus (food)  leads to the unconditional reflex being the  unconditional response (salivation) DURING CONDITIONING:Neutral stimulus (bell) Unconditioned stimulus (food)  leads to the unconditioned response (salivation) AFTER CONDITIONING: conditioned stimulus (bell) the conditioned reflex leads  to the conditioned response (salivation) Extinction-the conditioned stimulus (bell) presented with out the unconditional stimulus (food)  eventually the conditioned response will fade out Sponteneous recovery- passage of time following extinction can partially renew the conditioned  reflex Generalization-after conditioning snimals show the conditioned response not just to the orifinal  conditioned stimulus but also to new stimuli that resemble that stimulus Depends on degree of similarity between the new stim. And the original conditioned  stim.
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1 Chapter 4 Study Guide Psychology 101 Responding to things that resemble the conditioned stimulus (salivating to other bell  sounds) so salivate to good, will salivate when interpreting things as good like winning a battle  or game Also when they are similar to their subjective meaning to the person Discrimination- abolishing generalization-if the response to one is reinforced while the response  to the other is extinguished Animals can sense two different things Conditioning procedure: In classical conditioning one begins with an undontioned reflex (food to salivation)
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Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 Study Guide Psychology 101 Chapter 4...

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