Chapter 17

Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 Study Guide Psychology 101 Chapter...

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9 Chapter 17 Study Guide Psychology 101 Chapter 17 – Clinical Psychology Bolded terms: Clinical psychology – the field of practice and research that is directed toward helping people who suffer from psychological problems and disorders Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) – used primarily in cases of severe depression that do not respond to psychotherapy or antidepressant drugs; electric current is passed through the patient’s skull, triggering a seizure in the brain; before receiving the shock, patient is given drugs to block nerve and muscle activity so that no pain is felt and no damaging muscle contractions occure Psychosurgery – last resort treatment; surgical cutting or production of lesions in portions of the brain to relieve a mental disorder Psychotherapy – any theory-based, systematic procure, conducted by a trained therapist, for helping people to overcome or cope with mental problems through psychological rather than directly physiological means; usually involves dialogue between the person in need and the therapist Psychoanalysis – used to refer to those forms of therapy that adhere most closely to the ideas set forth by Freud Psychodynamic therapy – used to include psychoanalysis and therapies that are more loosely based on Freud’s ideas Free association – technique in which the patient is encourage to sit back, relax, free his or her mind, refrain from trying to be logical or “correct,” and report every image or idea that enters his or her awareness Resistance – resisting therapist’s attempt to bring unconscious memories or wishes into consciousness; may manifest in such forms as refusing to talk about certain topics, “forgetting” to come to sessions, or arguing in a way that subverts the therapeutic process Transference – phenomenon by which the patient’s unconscious feelings about a significant person in his or her life are experienced consciously as feeling about the therapist Humanistic therapy – goal is to help people regain awareness of their own desires and control of their own lives Person-centered therapy – focuses on the abilities and insights of the client rather than those of the therapist Cognitive-behavioral therapy – combination of cognitive and behavioral methods of therapy
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9 Chapter 17 Study Guide Psychology 101 Cognitive therapy – greater focus on the roles of thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes in controlling behavior; assumes that people disturb themselves through their own, often illogical beliefs and thoughts; goal of this therapy is to identify maladaptive ways of thinking and replace them with adaptive ways that provide a base for more effective coping with the real world Contingency management – all therapy programs that alter the contingency between actions and rewards Exposure treatment – any treatment for an unwanted fear of phobia that involves exposure to the feared stimulus to habituate or extinguish the fear response Focus Questions: 1. How has Western society’s response to people with serious mental disorders
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Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 Study Guide Psychology 101 Chapter...

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