The rise and fall of Reconstruction, 1865-1877President Johnson and Radical Reconstruction1.Johnson leads ReconstructionPolitical career as Champion of small farmerLacked Lincoln’s skills and senseNot a proponent of African American enfranchisement2.Presidential Reconstruction, 1865-1867Pardon white Southern ElitesAllow state governments free hand in local affairs.3.Passage of Black CodesNew Southern laws that restricted freedoms of African Americans.President Johnson and Radical Reconstruction, Cont.1.Radical RepublicansThaddeus Stevens (Pennsylvania) and Charles Sumner (Massachusetts).Called for new governments free of “Rebels” in powerRight of Black men to vote2.Expansion of Federal powersRadicals embraced the expanded powersPresident Johnson and Radical Reconstruction, Cont.1.Moderate Republicans attempt compromise.Sen. Trumbull attempts to modify Johnson’s PoliciesExtend the Freedman’s BureauCivil Rights Bill: Equality before the Law. Sought to overturn Black
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Reconstruction, Ulysses S. Grant, Reconstruction era of the United States, President Johnson, Radical Reconstruction