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Psychology Test 3 Study

Psychology Test 3 Study - Dr Goodie Psychology Test 3...

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Dr. Goodie 11/27/07 Psychology Test 3 Chapter 12 Trait theories - formal systems for assessing how people differ, particularly in their predispositions to respond in certain ways across situations Factor Analysis - mathematical procedure that’s used to analyze correlations amoung test responses. Raymond Cattell Cattell’s 16 factors/source traits- a chart using opposing descriptive words to show a person’s personality. Hans Eysenck Eysenck’s 3 superfactors o Extroversion- How outgoing and sociable you are o Neuroticism- the degree of anxiety, worry and moodiness o Psychoticism- tendency to be insensitive, uncaring, and cruel The Big Five It is now widely believed that the best solution to the factoring problem is to propose five basic personality dimensions o Extroversion- talkative, sociable, fun-loving, affectionate o Agreeableness- sympathetic, warm, trusting, cooperative o Conscientiousness- ethical, dependable, productive, purposeful o Neuroticism- anxious, insecure, guilt-prone, self-conscious o Openness- daring, nonconforming, showing unusually broad interest, imaginative Gordon Allport Allport believed that people possess underlying personality traits or “predispositions to respond.” He also believed that personality s a measure of one’s uniqueness as an individual. This means that the proper focus should be on individuals, not groups. o Cardinal Traits- Allport’s term to descrine personality traits that dominate an individual’s life, such as a passion to serve others or to accumulate wealth. Ex: if you live in a monistary rejecting all worldly possessions, your passion in the world is to serve God. People with cardinal traits do not represent the average; they are
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rare, o Central Traits- Allport’s term to describe the 5 to 10 descriptive traits that you wuld use to describe someone you know- friendly, trustworthy, etc. o Secondary Traits- The less obvious characteristics of an individual’s personality that do not always appear in his or her normal behavior Ex: Rowena has the secondary trait of “testiness” that shows up only when she goes on an extended diet. Self-report inventories- the most popular personality tests which use a questionnaire format to identify personality characteristics. Ex: MMPI Test Projective Personality Tests- A type of personality test in which individuals are asked to interpret unstructured or ambiguous stimuli (a smudge of ink.) Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)- instead of an inkblot, an ambiguous picture is show and you are asked to make up a story. Carl Rogers- a humanist who believed the essence of personality is wrapped up in the concept of the self, or, more specifically, the self-concept. Self-concept- an organized set of perceptions that we hold about our abilities and characteristics.
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