Psychology Test 2 Study - Psychology Exam 2 Chapter 7...

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Psychology Exam 2 Chapter 7 Orienting response- an inborn tendency to notice and respond to novel or surprising events. Habituation- the decline in the tendency to respond to an event that has become familiar through repeated exposure. Sensitization- increased responsiveness, or sensitivity, to an even that has been repeated. Ivan P. Pavlov- a Russian physiologist who developed classical conditioning. Classical conditioning- a set of procedures used to investigate how organisms learn abou the signaling properties of events. Classical conditioning involves learning relations between events—conditioned and unconditioned stimuli—that occur outside of one’s control. Unconditioned response (US)- a stimulus tat automatically leads to an observable response prior to any training Unconditioned response (UR)- the observable response that is produced automatically, prior to training, on presentation of an unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned response (CR)- the acquired response that is produced by the conditioned stimulus in anticipation of the unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned stimulus (CS)- the neutral stimulus that is paired with the unconditioned stimulus during classical conditioning. Forming the CS-US Connection For an effective association to form, the conditioned stimulus must be presented before the unconditioned stimulus. Second, the unconditioned stimulus needs to follow the conditioned stimulus closely in time. Finally, the conditioned stimulus must provide new information about the un- conditioned stimulus. Second-order conditioning- a procedure in which an established conditioned stimulus is used to condition a second neutral stimulus. John Watson and Rosalie Rayer - they gave a baby a stuffed rat, which the baby liked then made a loud noise. Eventually, the baby stopped liking the rat because of the loud noise that was associated with it. Stimulus generalization- responding to a new stimulus in a way similar to the response produced by an established conditioned stimulus.
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Stimulus discrimination- responding differently to a new stimulus than how one responds to an established conditioned stimulus. Extinction- presenting a conditioned stimulus repeatedly, after conditioning, without the unconditioned stimulus, resulting in a loss in responding. Spontaneous recovery- the recovery of an extinguished conditioned response after a period of non-exposure to the conditioned stimulus. Conditioned inhibition- learning that an event signals the bsece of the unconditioned stimulus. Operant conditioning- a procedure for studying how organisms learn about the consequences of their own voluntary actions (also called instrumental conditioning.) Law of effect- if a response in a particular situation is followed by a satisfying consequence, it will be strengthened. If a response in a particular situation is followed by a n unsatisfying consequence, it will be weakened. Discriminative stimulus-
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Crystal during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Psychology Test 2 Study - Psychology Exam 2 Chapter 7...

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