Notes 1 - Challenge of history is WHY? Who, what, where,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Challenge of history is WHY? Who, what, where, when all answer WHY? Humans (Homo sapiens) 200,000-150,000 years ago PALEOLITHIC AGE Means “old stone age” Use of carved tools Lasted until about 10,000 BCE Lived in small groups 20-60 people Hunter-gatherers Tended to be migratory: followed food and game Rudimentary belief systems: basic culture o Helped explain universe, simple religions Evidence comes from cave paintings all over the world ICE AGE- o covered Canada, Siberia, Northern Europe, South America o lasted nearly 10,000 years until 12,000BCE o freezing and melting, retreating of glaciers especially in Northern Hemisphere MESOLITHIC AGE “Middle Stone Age” Lasted until 4,500 BCE Continued improvements in stone tools and fishing Domestication of animals (sheep, goats and dogs) PALEOLITHIC AND MESOLITHIC o Total dependence on hunting and gathering o Limits growth of populations: estimated only 6 to 8 million people by end of Mesolithic Era NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION Advent of agriculture Ability to plant and grow seeds for food Continued domestication of animals (cows) Became food producers o Big game dying off o Staying in one place Fundamental Changes o Tied people to the land, fixed locations o Able to support larger populations
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Led to technological improvements in storage, transportation, metals- coincide with increased use of bronze (called Bronze Age) o Rituals develop around planting: harvest days, etc. o General belief in animism (have some divine spirit in everything) o Stonehenge matches up with the sun and moon Neolithic Cultures o Constructs of time o Rituals relating to planting, harvest o Animistic religion o Patriarchal societies Drawbacks o Spread of disease o Tied to the land, loss of independence FERTILE CRESCENT- Persian Gulf to Egypt- Mesopotamia Village to Civilization o Surplus economic output- expand everything o Formal governments o Writing o Urban centers o Permanent, monumental architecture SUMERIANS-------3,500-2,300 BCE 2,000 characters for writing, eventually down to 600 Cuneiform= writing characters Glass invented by Sumerians Urban civilization with irrigation Temple based communities Ziggurat= Sumerian temples in each city-state Ruling class of priests and kings Stratified society- ruler’s are organizing large group of specialists Slaves used in all venues SARGON OF AKKAD- first ruler of the area Conquered Sumer 2,300 BCE First empire First identifiable human in history Standing army of 4,500 troops paid for by taxes HAMMURABI OF BABYLON Around 1792-1750 BCE Earliest known law code in existence, “An eye for an eye”
Background image of page 2
Set of standards, guidelines for justice Development of geometry, epics (Gilgamesh) Rise of merchant class Not able to hold on to empire for too long o Only lasted 200 years, ended in 1550 BCE EGYPT Dependant on The Nile River
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course HIST 1010 taught by Professor Kicklighter during the Fall '07 term at Auburn University.

Page1 / 11

Notes 1 - Challenge of history is WHY? Who, what, where,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online