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Review of Supplemental Material Overview, and Impact of HIV/AIDS WHO: Global HIV prevalence has levelled off New data show global HIV prevalence—the percentage of people living with HIV—has levelled off and that the number of new infections has fallen, in part as a result of the impact of HIV programmes. Majority of HIV infections in Sub-Saharan Africa (68%). The number of people living with HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia has increased by more than 150%. While the global prevalence of HIV infection—the percentage of people infected with HIV— has levelled off, the total number of people living with HIV is increasing because of ongoing acquisition of HIV infection, combined with longer survival times, in a continuously growing general population Antiretrovirals have decreased the number of AIDS deaths Better understanding of actual statistics in 3 rd world due to increased awareness and better testing practices. There is a need to adapt and revive HIV prevention efforts as some countries are seeing a reversal of declining trends. NY Times: Putting a Plague in Perspective Some have criticized Mr. Bush for requesting ''only'' $30 billion for the next five years for AIDS and related problems, with the leading Democratic candidates having pledged to commit at least $50 billion if they are elected. Yet even the current $15 billion in spending represents an unprecedented amount of money aimed mainly at a single disease. Many millions of African children and adults die of malnutrition, pneumonia, motor vehicle accidents and other largely preventable, if not headline-grabbing, conditions. One-fifth of all global deaths from diarrhea occur in just three African countries—More money needed there, not just AIDS Basically speaks of all the other economic problems that are not being addressed because they don’t make headlines, but argues that all of these are important issues to address not just AIDS. In Africa, there's another crisis exacerbated by the rigid focus on AIDS: the best health practitioners have abandoned lower-paying positions in family planning, immunization and other basic health areas in order to work for donor-financed H.I.V. programs. LA Times: Unintended Victims The Gates Foundation's generous gifts to fight AIDS, TB and malaria in Africa have inadvertently put many of those with other healthcare needs at risk By pouring most contributions into the fight against such high-profile killers as AIDS, Gates grantees have increased the demand for specially trained, higher-paid clinicians, diverting staff from basic care. The resulting staff shortages have abandoned many children of AIDS survivors to more common killers: birth sepsis, diarrhea and asphyxia.
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Questions whether the influx of $ for AIDS has caused a problem with other aspects of healthcare. Claims that the $ could actually hurt the development of a well-rounded healthcare system. Salary increases for only AIDS related care creates a diversion of healthcare workers from other practices. Population Action International: How the
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