Notes 4 - OTTOMAN EMPIRE Turkish people came from area of...

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OTTOMAN EMPIRE Turkish people came from area of Mongolia TERMS Osman Devshirme Janissaries Mehmed II (the conqueror) Sultan Suleiman the Lawgiver Ibrahim Vizir Palace of Topkapi Pasha Harem Safavids Isfahan ISLAMIC GUNPOWDER EMPIRES CHALLENGES TO OTTOMAN RULE Hapsburgs Russians Gradually lose territory Increasingly harder to maintain empire Widespread corruption Poor-training of sultans--not interested in learning how to govern well Sultans frequently puppets of viziers, Janissaries Squeezed out of Asian trade routes 16 th century inflation--influx on bullion Resurgence towards end of 17 th century Failed to capture Vienna, no longer serious SAFAVID EMPIRE Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan Descendants of Turkish nomads Muslim SAFAVID DEVELOPMENT Sufi and Shiite roots Ismail, 1501-1524, first Safavid king, army conquered vast amount of territory Battle of Chaldiran, 1514- Ottoman vs. Safavid- Sunni vs. Shiite, Ottomans win Kept Shi’a Islam within borders of Iran/Persia
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SHAH ABBAS THE GREAT, 1588-1629 Slave soldiers- war captives Spread of shi’a ideology in Iran Mulluhs- organize prayer and spread shi’a ideology ISFAHAN Capitol moved from Tabriz Population= 1,000,000 SHAH’S MOSQUE AT ISFAHAN Blue ceramic tiles Floral patterns Reflecting pool, gardens SAFAVID COMMERCIAL PROSPERITY Silk rugs and textiles Artisans Infrastructure Commercial relations with Europe, Asia Irrigation SAFAVID DECLINE Late 17 th -early 18 th centuries Jealous plots, poor leadership Isfahan attacked, 1722--Afghan tribes attacked, city fell Nadir Khan Afsar--unsuccessful at restarting Safavid empire MUGHAL EMPIRE Descendants of Turkish nomads Lots of religious groups BABUR OF KABUL, 1525-1530 Invaded Northern India AKBAR THE GREAT, 1556-1605 Conquered most of Northern India Majority Hindu population Accommodated Hindus Abolished jizya--head tax placed on non-Muslims Abolished sati--Hindu widow throws herself on husbands funeral fire--suicide Mansabdars--army generals, anyone could become a general Subcontinent population= 100,000,000 to 150,000,000
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MUGHAL CULTURAL ACHIEVEMENTS Libraries commissioned
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course HIST 1010 taught by Professor Kicklighter during the Fall '07 term at Auburn University.

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Notes 4 - OTTOMAN EMPIRE Turkish people came from area of...

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