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Supplemental Readings

Supplemental Readings - Supplemental Readings WHO Global...

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Supplemental Readings WHO: Global HIV prevalence has leveled off Improvements in surveillance increase understanding of the epidemic, resulting in substantial revisions to estimates Percentage of people living with HIV has leveled off and # of new infections went down as a result of HIV programmes. 68% of global total of people living with HIV are Africans HIV/AIDS infections increased in Europe and Asia # of people dying from AIDS-related illness has declined in the last 2 yrs due to prolonging effects of antiretroviral therapy AIDS is leading cause of death globally and primary cause of death in Africa 6,800 new infections each day, 5,700 deaths AIDS organizations : UNAIDS, WHO (World Health Organization) We now have better understanding of AIDS epidemic because of better estimates and information due to new methods and monitoring systems that are more reliable Still room for improvement…disease surveillance systems wise… More accurate estimates and trends will lead to improvement in design and evaluation of prevention programmes and other steps that needs to be taken to further fight AIDS NY Times: Putting a Plague in Perspective Money should be allocated within reasonable means and be distributed to all public health needs equally, not just give a large sum of $ to fight a single disease. Can’t ignore other pertinent health issues that need funding Malnutrition, pneumonia, mother vehicle accidents and the like are more preventable than AIDS but get little attention, even in areas where HIV infections are low Most HIV cases occur in wealthier and more developed African countries Most African nations have stable adult HIV rates of 3% or less President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (Pepfar) and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria haven’t addressed basic health issues such as food shortage, health services, prenatal care, and family planning which are easily preventable Money given to less wealthy countries to fight AIDS are not spent because their HIV clinic can’t handle so much money at once Botswana, a wealthy country because of diamond industry, has less health issues but large sums of money are still given to them. Health practitioners abandon lower paying jobs in family planning and immunization to work for donor-financed HIV programs Some clinics have advanced HIV treatment but carry no ordinary medicine
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AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria are main 3 diseases that receive funding There is however some AIDS advocates asking for a broader approach to international health programs. LA Times: Unintended Victims (in Lesotho, Africa) Gates Foundation’s largest grants for healthcare in Africa go to 1) Global Fund 2) Geneva-based GAVI The Gates Foundation donates money to target AIDS, TB and malaria because of its health and economic effects in sub-Saharan Africa By fighting high-profile killers demands specially trained, higher-paid clinicians,
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