INTS 1700 Notes

INTS 1700 Notes - INTS 1700 Notes General Concepts I. II....

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INTS 1700 Notes General Concepts I. Political Unit : Autonomous political entities; ex: Taiwan II. State —6 requirements 1. Sovereignty : sole use of force; political authority 2. Territory : Has to be defined and be recognized by international community 3. Population : (self explanatory) 4. Government : some type form of it 5. Force : ability to use 6. Legitimacy : Need to be recognized by above requirements III. International Actors (non state) 1. Private corporations ex: Apple, Microsoft 2. Nongovernmental organizations ex: Red Cross 3. Intergovernmental organizations ex: U.N, E.U. IV. Levels of Analysis in International Politics 1. Man- Domestic politics 2. State- Foreign policy; relating to state leaders 3. War- Analyzing international system and how states interact with each other (international sphere) -epistemology : study of knowledge, how we know what we know
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Realism and Neorealism : Dominant theory in politics -Cold war was the epitome of Realism -War is always a possibility in international politics -War is the answer to conflict (not always the case) I. Core Assumptions/Beliefs (Realist Ontology ) 1. Power- People/States vying for power 2. Statism- State is central to international affairs; state is the main actor 3. Human Nature- Humans are bad naturally; egotistical 4. Politics and Conflict- Politics is always conflictual 5. Security- Should be concerned with security and survival of one’s state 6. Progress- Don’t believe in progress in politics because possession of war II. Key Realists: Thucydides, Machiavelli; Hobbes; Morgenthau (neoclassical realist); Waltz (neorealist structural realism) III. Classical Realists 1. Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War -recounting events in Peloponnesian War -the fall of democracy in Athens; rise of self-interest; vying for power within Athens -rise of extreme rights -ultimately vying for power; rise of Spartan fear Thucydides argues for a drive power and fear evoked war
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-weaker states should know their place -always an imbalance of power in ancient Greece -Melian Dialogue- the strong do what they will and the weak do what they must 2. Machiavelli, The Prince -argued that humans are strong by nature -only care about pleasure; Machiavelli did not agree with this - we are run by emotions -prince serves as a way to check people -politics is all about strength; good rule is about strength -a ruler needs to be concerned with state’s security main priority -a ruler has to protect themselves from external and internal environment -main concern is how a ruler constructs a state -ruler must always act in their own self interest -ruler need to always act try to preserve the freedom and independence of their political unit *anticipatory *strategic *ready to act *preemptive war if necessary *private/personal ethics do not play a part in politics -rulers must be strategic
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3. Hobbes, The Leviathan -Considered to be an early contractarian *people enter a social contract which gives birth to government
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course INTS 1700 taught by Professor Kwitkowski during the Winter '08 term at Denver.

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INTS 1700 Notes - INTS 1700 Notes General Concepts I. II....

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