IAH Notes 5 - 1-28-08 IA H 203 Notes I. The Maya a. Early...

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Unformatted text preview: 1-28-08 IA H 203 Notes I. The Maya a. Early influences - Olmecs 800-400 BC b. Decline of the Maya i. Overuse of land (deforestation) ii. Warrior-priest culture lost contact with people iii. Internal rebellion iv. Depletion of central city area small satellite centers developed v. Disease or other national disasters (drought) c. Mayapan (to 1450) d. Francisco Mantejo and the conquest of the Maya (1527-1541) i. No gold or silver ii. Many small states (all constantly war ring with each other so it makes it impossible to conquer any city) iii. Francisco Mantejo (Jr.) conquers area in 1541 I I. Mayan Life a. Physical appearance i. Body short, round face, stocky, f lat foreheads, males found crossed eyes attractive ii. Males bald top of head, with bangs combed in front and long braid in back, loin cloths, piercings, tattoos (soot) iii. Women not much material, bare-breasted with skir ts, minimal jewelry, body painting and tat toos, sharpened teeth iv. Manners and customs 1. Mar r iage father bought bride. Didn't produce children = refund. Divorce not sanctioned but expected to take care of former wives, polygamy common status went to the first wife 2. Death feared. Seen as a retribution for past sins. Poor buried, r ich cremated 3. Manners extremely formal. Hospitality required. Male domination 4. Justice always suing each other a. Civil suits b. Penalties punished by sentencing to slavery. Rich could but their way out c. Adultery 5. Sacrifice a. Usually pre-adolescent men or older women b. Tossed into cenote (large hole with underground r iver) c. Ritualistic bloodletting thorn in tongue or penis ...
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IAH Notes 5 - 1-28-08 IA H 203 Notes I. The Maya a. Early...

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