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ReconstructionReconstruction began at the end of the civil warCivil Warwas caused due to numerous sectional differencesnorthern economy was based on industriesono slaveryobelieved in a more federalist style of government in which the central government and the states shared equal powersouth depended on agricultureoslaveryobelieved this gave the central government far too much authorityothe South promoted greater states rights. This difference was an importantissue as Reconstruction played out.Every time a state was added to the Union, the North and South fought over whether the state would be a free or a slave stateoeach side wanted more representation in Congress and thus greater power over the otherLasted four long yearsSouth was devastated.oTransportation was crippled and their agriculture was crippled. oTook ten years for the south to produce as large a crop as they had before the waroLed to inflationThe slaves were effected the mostoThe Emancipation Proclamation had officially banned slavery, “freeing” four million southern blacksoFreedmen, as they were called, had little knowledge of how to survive as free people.After the north won the civil war the people were either harsh or lineint on the south.Reconstruction ProcessoThe presidentPresident Abraham Lincoln constructed his plan for the postwar situationIn 1863 Lincoln established his plan entitled, “The Proclamation of Amnesty and ReconstructionoOutlined Lincolns 10% planoFor southern states to be allowed back into the union, all they had to do was to get 10% of their voters to pledge an oath of allegiance to the United StatesLincoln’s plan was extremely lenient
oHe believed that the southern states had never legally withdrawn from the union and that a speedy restoration should take place.None of Lincoln’s plans helped the freedmen aka slavesAndrew JohnsonJohnson was anti-confederate and hated the planter-class.oJohnson claimed harsh punishment for the plantersJohnson was a great disappointment to the republicansHe was a defender of slaveryPresident Johnson agreed with Lincoln that states had neverlegally been outside the Union, he pardoned 14,000 wealthy or high-ranking ex-Confederates and even allowed former confederate leaders to be elected into congressHe destroyed the dream that many freedmen had that they would be allowed some property rights over the land they had workedPerhaps the only proactive accomplishment made by