1Vocab History1)Abolitionist - wanted to end slavery in the US and let all the blacks go free, focused ontransporting blacks back to Africa2)American Colonization Society - proposed gradual freedom with compensation for themasters, and would help transport slaves. also raised money to send some slaves toLiberia.3)Amistad - US captured a ship of slaves headed for Cuba and help the Africans as pirates.Abolitionists argued for the slaves to be freed. In the Supreme Court, the abolitionistswon the case, and the slaves were freed.4)Anti-abolitionist – people who supported slavery, violence arose from those in favor ofslavery in the 1830s.5)Charles Grandison - preacher of the Protestant Revivalism, went to try to convert people6)David Walker – black pride pamphlet, an American black abolitionist, demanded theimmediate and universal emancipation of the slaves, and defended violence7)Edgar Allen Poe - southern writer who wrote works to embrace the search for the essenceof the human spirit8)Elizabeth Cady Stanton - a mother of seven, and she shocked other feminists byadvocating suffrage for women at the first Women's Right's Convention in Seneca, NewYork 1848. Stanton read a "Declaration of Sentiments" which declared "all men andwomen are created equal."9)Feminism - A movement that advocates women the same rights granted men, such asequal economic status.10) Frederick Douglas - American abolitionist and writer, he escaped slavery and became aleading African American spokesman and writer. He published his biographyFugitiveSlave Law - A law passed that required northern states to return fugitive slaves to theirowners11) Harriet Beecher Stowe - wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin in 1851. A book about a slave who istreated badly, in 1852. The book persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, tobecome anti-slavery.
212) Henry David Thoreau - Writer: individuals should work for self-realization, practicedsimple living in his cabin on Walden Pond in reaction to rapidly changing artificial wordof cities; supported civil disobedience in democracy.13) Herman Melville - Focused on man's connection with nature, and the spirit of theindividual. Emphasized strength of the individual will even if it leads to death, search forpersonal fulfillment.14) Horace Mann - reformer in the public school system, who makes education morepractical.15) Hudson River School - artists that included Frederic Church, Thomas Cole, ThomasDoughty. Their work focused on the landscapes of the Hudson River Valley16) Indian Reservation - the further protection of natives from white culture in designatedlands17) James Fenimore Cooper - wrote Last of the Mohicans and Deer slayer. He wrote aboutthe "noble savage”.18) Joseph Smith - Founded Mormonism in New York in 1830 ; translated the Book ofMormon and died a martyr.