12-16.pdf - 1 Vocab History 1 Abolitionist wanted to end...

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1 Vocab History 1) Abolitionist - wanted to end slavery in the US and let all the blacks go free, focused on transporting blacks back to Africa 2) American Colonization Society - proposed gradual freedom with compensation for the masters, and would help transport slaves. also raised money to send some slaves to Liberia. 3) Amistad - US captured a ship of slaves headed for Cuba and help the Africans as pirates. Abolitionists argued for the slaves to be freed. In the Supreme Court, the abolitionists won the case, and the slaves were freed. 4) Anti-abolitionist – people who supported slavery, violence arose from those in favor of slavery in the 1830s. 5) Charles Grandison - preacher of the Protestant Revivalism, went to try to convert people 6) David Walker – black pride pamphlet, an American black abolitionist, demanded the immediate and universal emancipation of the slaves, and defended violence 7) Edgar Allen Poe - southern writer who wrote works to embrace the search for the essence of the human spirit 8) Elizabeth Cady Stanton - a mother of seven, and she shocked other feminists by advocating suffrage for women at the first Women's Right's Convention in Seneca, New York 1848. Stanton read a "Declaration of Sentiments" which declared "all men and women are created equal." 9) Feminism - A movement that advocates women the same rights granted men, such as equal economic status. 10) Frederick Douglas - American abolitionist and writer, he escaped slavery and became a leading African American spokesman and writer. He published his biographyFugitive Slave Law - A law passed that required northern states to return fugitive slaves to their owners 11) Harriet Beecher Stowe - wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin in 1851. A book about a slave who is treated badly, in 1852. The book persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, to become anti-slavery.
2 12) Henry David Thoreau - Writer: individuals should work for self-realization, practiced simple living in his cabin on Walden Pond in reaction to rapidly changing artificial word of cities; supported civil disobedience in democracy. 13) Herman Melville - Focused on man's connection with nature, and the spirit of the individual. Emphasized strength of the individual will even if it leads to death, search for personal fulfillment. 14) Horace Mann - reformer in the public school system, who makes education more practical. 15) Hudson River School - artists that included Frederic Church, Thomas Cole, Thomas Doughty. Their work focused on the landscapes of the Hudson River Valley 16) Indian Reservation - the further protection of natives from white culture in designated lands 17) James Fenimore Cooper - wrote Last of the Mohicans and Deer slayer. He wrote about the "noble savage”. 18) Joseph Smith - Founded Mormonism in New York in 1830 ; translated the Book of Mormon and died a martyr.

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