Jan. 6 Introduction - AR220 Introduction January 6/14 Definitions Anatomy gross and microscopic study of anatomical structures Paleontology study of

Jan. 6 Introduction - AR220 Introduction January 6/14...

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AR220 Introduction January 6/14 Definitions Anatomy : gross and microscopic study of anatomical structures Paleontology : study of ancient life Biological Anthropology : study of biological variation of humans Archaeology : study of past human societies through artifacts, biofacts, architecture, landscape Forensics : aid law enforcement agencies in the positive identification of an individual Subfields o Paleodemography : study of ancient population structure, mortality and fertility o Population relations : study of biological relationships and migration based on morphology and molecular variation o Paleopathology : study of ancient health and disease, origin and evolution of disease o Paleonutrition : the analysis of prehistoric diets and dietary intake in relation to health and disease Bone Facts Bone : is both dynamic and plastic tissue
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Unformatted text preview: Bone morphology is influenced by genetics and the environment (tapography) Life history events are recorded in the skeleton Osteoblasts are the cells responsible for creating new bone The number of teeth in a child’s dentition prior to the age of 6 is 20 Types of burials: Primary, Secondary, Ossuary There are 206 bones in the average human skeleton Why Study the Body Bones and teeth are the hardest tissue in the human body Biological evidence of early ancestors Evolutionary perspective on health, diet, disease and deography Comparative/alternate source of data to material culture and historical documents Identity, life history, manner of death for individuals Study Aid ...
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