Chapter 2 notes - Chapter 2- The Origins and Early History...

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Chapter 2- The Origins and Early History of Rhetoric - When people found in symbols the capacity, not merely for communicating meaning, but also, through some planning, for accomplishing their goals, rhetoric began. - Western tradition begins with that ancient cluster of highly inventive societies, the greek city-states of the 8 th through the 3 rd centuries B.C. - In Homeric writing Enos finds three functions of language: “heuristic, eristic, and protreptic”. o Heuristic: that of discovery, whether facts, insights, or even of “self- awareness”. It is essential to the “inventive processes” o Eristic: draws our attention to “the inherent power of the language itself”. Expresses discourse’s power to express, captivate, to argue, even to injure. o Protreptic: expresses the “capacity to turn or direct human thought”. The possibility of persuasion. - systematic study of oratory (rhetoric) probably originated in the city of Syracuse on the island of Sicily around 467 b.c. o a tyrant named Hieron had died, and disputes arose over which families were due land that the tyrant had seized. o A rhetorician named Corax offered training in judicial pleading to citizens arguing their claims in court. o His systematic approach led to democratic reforms and was quickly adopted by others and was carried to Athens by professional teachers known as Sophists. o In the second half of the 5 th century, Athens offered excellent opportunities for employment to those equipped with quick wits, good speaking voices and love of disputation. - rhetoric’s popularity had much to do with dramatic changes affecting several greek city-states, particularly the major city of Athens. - These changes in the greek political system “created the need for a new kind of education, an education consistent with the new politics of limited democracy”. -
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course WRIT 220 taught by Professor Kessler during the Spring '08 term at James Madison University.

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Chapter 2 notes - Chapter 2- The Origins and Early History...

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