COLLEGE COMPOSITION 4 Fall2020-2.doc - COLLEGE COMPOSITION:...

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COLLEGECOMPOSITION:PAPER#4Research plays a vital part in education.Although conducting research and writing up the results may seem new to you, and althoughyou may be somewhat unsure about how to proceed, you have been engaged in research all your life. Research is a basic human activity--as basic as a child's trial-and-error approach to learning about a hot stove, and as sophisticated as a microbiologist's hypothesis-testing ofa potential AIDS vaccine in the laboratory.Somewhere in between lies the research that students conduct in college.In short, everyoneengaged in learning about something is engaged in some form of research.Although you may regard research as something only done in laboratories and libraries, think for a minute.When you are in themarket for a new car, what do you do?Probably read consumer guides, visit car dealers, surf the net, and talk to other people about theircars.When you look for a job, you study the want ads, check bulletin boards, ask friends.Choosing a college or graduate school,deciding on a career, settling on a place to live, buying a house--all these activities require research.In college, research is conducted when you observe people and events, perform laboratory experiments, tape-record an interview, takenotes in the library, or find information online.Research is much more than just gathering data; it is selecting, organizing, analyzing,interpreting, and evaluating that data so that valid statements can be made about some aspect of reality.Research entails critical thinking, not just summarizing and reporting.To do research is to apply a systematic approach to obtaininginformation, drawing and testing conclusions, and sharing these conclusions with others.When you conduct research, you begin withwhat is known and move into the unknown, with the aim of exploring some aspect of the world and making verifiable statements about it.Whether college students or NASA scientists, researchers frequently present the results of their work in writing so that others canshare and evaluate them.These results may appear as an article in a scholarly journal or magazine, a presentation at a business meeting,testimony before a court, a patent application for a new drug, specifications for an improved automobile ignition system, or a term paperfor a college course.Whatever form the research "publication" takes, the fundamental research process is similar across disciplines.Onefinal point: The more research papers you write, the better researcher, the better reader, the better writer, the more knowledgeable youbecome.Yes, research writing makes you smarter!* * *PROMPT:In “Grade Inflation,” Suzanne E. Fry discusses the phenomenon of gradeinflation (i.e., awarding A’s and B’s for substandard work). Analyzing its causes andeffects, Fry argues, “Grade inflation is a concern because as academic averages rise, thevalue of that education falls.” In other words, Fry’s main claim is that grade inflation is

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Term
Summer
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NoProfessor
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Leaves of Grass, Suzanne E Fry, Physics,

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