chap 6 - PSY 153 Mc/B - FHS Chapter VI Study Guide Know (in...

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PSY 153 Mc/B - FHS – Chapter VI Study Guide Know (in general terms): 1. The definitions of the glossary terms in the margins which are not specifically cited in the study guide items below 2. What distinguishes the study of sexuality in childhood from that of adolescence- childhood- sex is taboo, adol- almost adult, legit 3. What the libido is and how it relates to sexual development- sexual energy, sex drive, driving force behind most sexual behaviors 4. What characterizes the id- impulsive, self centered, irrational, pleasure principle 5. Why it is necessary for one to progress successfully through the psychosocial stages- to progress through each stage to the next What characterizes, in terms of age, expectations, and potential problems, of: 6. the oral stage- birth to 1 yr, mouth, suck, chew, bite, through feeding 10. See below 7. the anal stage- 1 to 3 years, toilet training, control over bowl movements gives pleasure 11. See below 8. the phallic stage - 3 to 6, first time genitals, explore w/ hands, 12. the latency stage- 6 to 12- asexual, calm before the storm as child focuses on other social achievements 9. See below 13. the genital stage- 12 and up- mature sexuality, 9. Why the phallic stage is a controversial part of Freud's theory- the name—girls need penis for normal development to??, implies incest 10. What the Oedipus complex entails- a males jealousy of his father bv of his attraction to his mother, but fear that he may be castrated suppresses those desires 11. What the Electra complex entails- girl blames her mother for lack of penis and gives affection to him, realizing she cant have him she ultimately relates to her mom to attract a mate like dad 14. How Erikson's views differed from Freud's- disagreed on the predominance of sexual instinct, believed sociocultural motives were most important, viewed ppl as rational 15. The major tenets of Erickson's psychosocial theory- children encounter challenges during development, life has 8 major challenges which must be delt with for ultimate successful adjustment 16. How Erickson's theory has been criticized- doesn’t explain why we have these challenges, leaves many unanswered questions 17. The age ranges, the psychosocial challenges, the significant events and influences of the five psychosocial stages discussed in Table 11.1- 0-1- Basic trust vs. mistrust (oral), trust others to care for them, key agent- primary caregiver, 1-3- autonomy versus shame and doubt (anal) work on autonomy or feel like a failure, key agent- parents, 3-6- initiative versus guilt (phallic), sense of initiative but not infringe on rights of others, key agent- family, 6-12- industry vs. inferiority (latency), social and academic skills, compare with peers, signif social agent- teacher and peers, 12-20- identity vs. role confusion (early genital- adolescence), child hood and adut, who am I, social and occupational ID, key agent- peers 18. The common assumptions about human behavior shared by social cognitivists-
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSY 153 taught by Professor Dr.? during the Fall '05 term at SFASU.

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chap 6 - PSY 153 Mc/B - FHS Chapter VI Study Guide Know (in...

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