midterm number 2 - I Foundations of Epistemology a Central...

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I. Fou ndations of Epistemology a. Central Problem of Epistomology i. Analogy 1. Manor House a. Manor House Sections are built at different times b. Different architects direct building of the house c. Parts of the house are afflicted with dry rot d. Goal: to rid the house of dry rot e. Problem: Good wood is not easily distinguishable from bad wood 2. My World View a. Parts of my world view are built at different times b. Different sections have different sources c. Some of my world view is false d. Goal: to rid my world view of falsities e. Problem: The truth is not easily distinguishable from lies b. Sensation i. The external senses ii. The operation of external senses iii. The internal senses 1. the central sense- experience our current sensations 2. memory- let’s us recall our past experience 3. imagination- permits the reproduction of sense data and recombination of sense data in ways not previously experienced 4. estimative sense- unconscious, evaluates sense data for benefit (advantage) or harm (disadvantage) c. Distinction- simple object of sensation (SOS) vs. compound object of sensation (COS) i. SOS- basic(elementary) object of sensation that cannot be broken down into any more basic objects of sensation—only one sense. Example: the taste of grilled squid, the color chartreuse, the way a tulip smells ii. COS- objects of sensation that are basically composed of simple objects of sensation d. The Correspondence Theory of Truth i. General notion- the truth or falsity of a representation is determined by comparing the representation with reality I MISSED A DAY II. Locke’s Inverted Spectrum a. Initial Reflections i. Some qualities of objects appear the some to all observers; others do not. ii. Some qualities of objects are perceived by more than one sense, others by one sense only b. Distinction- Primary Sense Qualities(PSQ) vs. Secondary Sense Qualities(SSQ) i. PSQ- a quality that is actually possessed by a material object 1. Observations a. PSQ are the same to all observers b. PSQ are perceived by more that one sense 2. List: Solidity, extension, figure, mobility, number, rest/motion c. Application of the correspondence theory of truth i. Judgments concerning PSQ can be true ii. Judgments concerning SSQ cannot be true d. Inverted Spectrum Problem III. Descartes- 1596-1650- Evil Demon (Evil Genious) a. Film- Star Trek “The Cage” b. Hyperbolic Doubt i. Extension of analogy- manor house and my world view 1. recapitulation of goal: have a world view free of falsehoods 2. strategy- piecemeal method 3. second strategy- the destructive method ii. Statement of the principle of hyperbolic doubt- I will treat as false, anything that can be false iii. Target the foundation of my world view- sensation c. The dream argument i. First observations- some (not all) dreams are so vivid that during the dream, I think my experiences are true ii. Second observations- dream experiences are not true(illusion) iii. Statement of the Dream Argument 1. It is possible that my current experiences are a vivid dream
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PHI 153 taught by Professor Smith...theboy during the Spring '06 term at Stephen F Austin State University.

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midterm number 2 - I Foundations of Epistemology a Central...

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