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midterm number 3 - I The Problem of Personal...

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I. The Problem of Personal Identity (Mind/Body Problem) A. Decartes 2 notions of self 1. Background- Two types of finite substance- an existing thing vs property a. Corporeal (Bodily, Material) Substance: Extension, non-thinking, determined by the laws of nature (not-free) b. Mental substance- non extended thinking, free (nondetermined by laws of nature 2. Views on personal identity (What am I?) a. I am a mental substance. (I am my mind.) b. I am a mental substance/ corporeal substance. (My mind and body are conjoined.) c. I am a corporeal substance- not Descartes (I am my body.) B. Film- Star Trek – “The Turnabout Intruder” Beginning- Kirk is male. Lester is Female. Kirk’s mind. Lester’s mind. Kirk’s body. Lester’s body. After- Alpha is ? Beta is ? Lester’s mind. Kirk’s mind. Kirk’s body. Lester’s body. Who is James Kirk? Alpha- Body- Security, Coleman, Starfleet, Beta- Mind- Scotty, Lester, Spock, Neither- Combination of mind and body- Kirk, Both- 2 Kirks C. William’s Body Exchange/ Mind Swap 1. Name Difficulty 2. Detail’s and Terms of Transference experiment a. I have power over 2 people A and B Problem: How do I identify A? i. A’s body (B’s body) ii. A’s mind (B’s mind) b. I inform A and B that I will treat them differently i. I will give 1 a large amount of money ii. I will torture the other c. I ask A and B to choose how they will be treated i. A wants money- B tortured ii. B wants money- A tortured d. I choose to award A and torture B i. A is not apprehensive ii. B is apprehensive e. I inform A and B that before I reward them I will do something else to them i. I will tell A that I will wipe the memory of this convo ii. A will be a bit apprehensive about tomorrow, but is not to concerned iii. I tell B the same: B is better off, but still apprehensive f. I inform A and B that I will wipe all their previous memorie, but I will pit A’s memories into B and Bs memories into A i. A changes mind- wants B to get rewarded A to be tortured
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ii. B changes mind- wants A to get rewarded and B to be tortured 3. Analysis a. A and B want to change their choices: I am a mind alone b. A and B do not want to change their choices: I am a body alone D. Key Issue- Mind’s knowledge of the body 1. Observations a. My mind’s knowledge of my body is imprecise b. My mind’s knowledge of my body is immediate- unmediated, without an intermediary 2. Question- Can my mind be related to my body like a driver is related to a car? a. A driver’s knowledge of a car is precise. b. A driver’s knowledge of a car is mediate- mediated, with an intermediary.
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