History 101 FINAL

History 101 FINAL - Final Exam Questions Essays (70...

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Final Exam Questions Essays (70 points) : Below are the seven possible final exam questions. On the actual final exam, you will be asked to answer TWO (2) questions that I have selected. I therefore strongly recommend that you prepare answers to all seven of these questions. Doing so will require you to review your lecture notes as well as the course readings, including those from the textbook. Each of your essays should consist of an introductory paragraph that contains your thesis statement and supporting paragraphs that contain the evidence in support of your argument. Although there is no minimum on how much you should write, you should be as complete and detailed as possible in your answers. 1. Compare and contrast the origins, developments and outcomes of World War One (1914-1918) and World War Two (1939-1945). World War I: Camille: WWI: 1) Germany wanted to go to war, but also so did everyone because war was glorious. 2) trench warfare 3) right to vote for women is outcome Crosby: Origins: -Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb student, member of Young Bosnia, was the immediate cause. This set into motion a series of fast-moving events that eventually escalated into full-scale war. Austria-Hungary demanded action by Serbia to punish those responsible and, when Austria-Hungary deemed Serbia had not complied, declared war. Major European powers were at war within weeks because of overlapping agreements about collective defense and the complex nature of international alliances. -An arms race, most notably, a naval race between Britain and Germany was intensified by the 1906 launch of the 1906 HMS Dreadnought - rendered previous battleships obsolete. This was a self- reinforcing cycle of heightened military preparedness. Total arms spending between six Great Powers (Britain, Germany, France, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Italy) increased by 50% between 1908 and 1913. -Mobilization plans of Germany, France and Russia escalated the conflict as well. -Nationalism and Internal Dissent were huge factors. The system of nation-states that had emerged in Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century led not to cooperation but to competition. Rivalries over colonial and commercial interests intensified during an era of frenzied imperialist expansion while the division of Europe's great powers into two loose alliances (Germany, Austria, and Italy // Great Britain, France, and Russia). This left European states with the belief that their allies were important
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and that their security depended on supporting those allies, even when they took foolish risks. Furthermore, not all ethnic groups had achieved the goal of nationhood. Slavic minorities in the Balkans and the polyglot Habsburg empire, for example, still dreamed of creating their own national states. So did the Irish in Britain and the Poles in the Russian Empire. On top of that, socialist labor movements had grown more powerful and were increasingly inclined to use strikes, even violent ones,
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History 101 FINAL - Final Exam Questions Essays (70...

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