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FROM THE FIRST TEMPLE TO THE SECOND TEMPLE

FROM THE FIRST TEMPLE TO THE SECOND TEMPLE - FROM THE FIRST...

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FROM THE FIRST TEMPLE TO THE SECOND TEMPLE The Divided Kingdom (922-722 BCE) Israel (Ephraim) Samaria Judah Jerusalem Prophets Elijah vs. Jezebel Baal Elisha Assyria Syro-Ephraimitic War 722: Fall of Samaria – to the Assyrians Judah Alone (722-587) Manasseh Josiah and the Deuteronomic Reformation Babylon – gain control of Judah after defeating the Assyrians. Babylon begins to tax and becomes new landlord. Judah tries to get freedom but miscalculate. Babylonians take over Jerusalem. 587: Fall of Jerusalem – to Babylonians. Destroy Salmon’s Temple for no reason and deport the south. Exile – deportation of the south. Many of survivors find themselves exported to Babylon. The Exilic Period (587-539) Two Major Concerns:
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Preservation of Pre-Exilic Traditions – they want to make sure that their early history is not lost. People begin to write down their national oral traditions and edit written material. Formation of Scripture – Results from witting down oral traditions and editing the written material. Torah as we know it today is developed now.
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