Major Works Data Sheet- Nadira, Michelle, Grace- Band 9 Title : The Catcher in the Rye Author : J. D. Salinger Date of Publication : July 16, 1951 Genre : Fiction; a Bildungsroman Historical information about the period of publications : The first Holden Caulfield story was sold to the New Yorker magazine in 1941, which was published in 1946. Fragments of this story were published separately until the full book is finally published on July 16, 1951, changing America’s views on fiction literature. Biographical information about the author : Jerome David Salinger was born on January 1, 1919 in NYC. He is the second and last child of Sol and Miriam Salinger, with a sister, Doris, who is 8 years older. He first aspired to be an actor when he was younger, though he was described as a quite, solitary boy. He went to McBurney School in Manhattan in 1932, but struggled in the private school with grades. Seeing this, his parents sent him to Valley Forge Military Academy in Pennsylvania where he took up drama and singing at age 15. He went through several colleges before discovering his interest in writing at a short-story writing course at Columbia University in 1939. Through many rejections, Salinger continued to write and submit stories. He enlisting in the army and taking part in the Normandy Beach raid on D-Day. He marries his wife Claire Douglas on February 17, 1955, and has a daughter, Margaret Ann, and a son, Matthew, but divorces in 1967. Summary : The Catcher in the Rye is told by Holden Caufield, the protagonist, while he is in a mental institution. He narrates a few days in December starting from when he left Pencey Prep, which he was expelled from. He visits his history teacher, Mr. Spencer, to say goodbye, then returns to his dorm, only to be bothered by Ackley, his neighbor, and Stradlater, his roommate. He is extremely disgusted by Stradlater, especially after he finds out about Stradlater’s date with Jane Gallagher, his old friend. Holden ends up taking a train home, to New York City, even though he wasn’t due to leave for another few days. After he arrives in New York, He takes a taxicab to the Edmont Hotel. His room allows him to see into the rooms of others, he sees a transvestite, and a couple spitting at each other and becomes both stirred up and confused by his sexuality. In the downstairs Lavender Room, he meets three women in their thirties and he tries to act mature and older, but ends up having to pay their check. He thinks about Jane Gallagher and then goes to Ernie’s in Greenwich Village but son leaves. Back at the Edmont, he has a prostitute sent for him. She, too, leaves soon, though her boss, Maurice, comes to beat up Holden for more money. The next morning, he phones Sally Hayes to see her, then checks his bags at Grand Central and had breakfast, during which he meets two nuns.
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- The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield, J. D. Salinger, Phoebe Caulfield- Holden