A Reproduction of Arguments from �Darwin�s Untimely Burial,� Chapter Four of

A Reproduction of Arguments from �Darwin�s Untimely Burial,� Chapter Four of

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Carlos Lorenzana PHIL 110 Sec. 8 December 10, 2007 A Reproduction of Arguments from “Darwin’s Untimely Burial,” Chapter Four of Ever Since Darwin. 1. The following passage is a reproduction of Tom Bethel’s first argument against Darwin’s theory of natural selection. He argues that survival of the fittest is not a sufficient reason to believe in natural selection. “… Whoa! cries Bethel, as many others before him. This formulation defines fitness in terms of survival only. The crucial phrase of natural selection means no more than ‘the survival of those who survive’- a vacuous tautology…” 2. The following passage is a reproduction of the paragraph that bridges Bethel’s first and second arguments. This paragraph bridges the gap between Bethel’s two arguments against Darwin’s theory. The paragraph gives context for the second argument. “But how could Darwin have made such a monumental two-bit mistake? Even his severest of critics have never accused him of crass stupidity. Obviously, Darwin must have tried to define fitness differently—to find a criterion for fitness independent of mere survival. Darwin did propose an independent criterion, but Bethel argues quite correctly that he relied upon analogy to establish it, a dangerous and slippery strategy. One might think that the first chapter of such a revolutionary book as Origin of Species would deal with cosmic questions and general concerns. It doesn’t. it’s about pigeons. Darwin
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PHIL 110 taught by Professor Kay during the Fall '07 term at S.F. State.

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A Reproduction of Arguments from �Darwin�s Untimely Burial,� Chapter Four of

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