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Module 2 Reading General English 620 Presentation Information for Students1.docx

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Stress, Intonation, and Rhythm (Prosody): A ReviewSTRESS and REDUCTION: The key to English intonation, rhythm, and pronunciation;and to understanding and being understoodStressis very important in English because it determinesothepronunciationof words of more than one syllable,othefocus wordsof phrases and sentences, thus creating intonation patterns, andothe characteristic“rhythm” of English, achieved by alternating stressed andunstressed words and syllables.Stressis achieved by simultaneouslyolengthening the vowelof a stressed syllable, in-to-naaa-tionopronouncing the vowel clearlyoraising the pitch of the voiceon the stressed word or syllable, andoSLIGHTLYincreasing the loudnessof the voice on the stressed word orsyllable.Reduction,or theunstressing of words or parts of words, by contrast is the reduction in volumeand pitchand shortening to an uh or schwa sound i.e. the vowel is pronounced less clearly.Pronounce the following multisyllabic words with correct stress1)Specific6)Attitude2)Advice7)Purdue3)Integral8)Derivative4)Cancellation9)Textbook5)Velocity10)FinancialHint: most compound nouns (nouns made up of two nouns) have stress on the first noun.classroom*bookstore*train station *airport*hallway*speed limit* parking garagewater bottle*handwriting* football* bar chart*lab manual* flash drive * math courseLearning when to stress and when to weaken will improve your intelligibility. This alternationbetween stressed and weak syllables creates the characteristicrhythmof English.Stress or emphasis serves several functions in addition to pronunciation and rhythm:oPut extra emphasis on the word or phrase that containsthe main idea of a sentence.oExample: The bottom line is that we have tofind alternativesto our currentpractices.oStress the word or phrase that contains new information.oEx: The final exam will be onDecember 13th.oStress two words or phrases that stand incomparisonorcontrastto each other.
oEx: This is amathclass, not astatisticsclass.You can emphasize an important word or phrase by pausing slightly before and after yousay it. Ex:Now we are going to discussglobal warmingwhich is a topic in the news today.Prosody PracticeTake a few minutes to practice what we learned about stress and pausing while reading aloud theguidelines for presentation one:Presentation 1: An Introduction to your FieldGive a 10-minute talk (without reading a script) introducing your field of study or research.There are different organizational schemes that you can use. For example, discuss the mostimportant sub-fields. Or you could present a very simplified history of your field, covering a fewof the most important discoveries or advancements.Or you might present a few of the mostimportant applications of knowledge in your field.Or, appeal to undergraduate students who aregenerally interested in what types of courses one has to take if majoring in this area and what

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Term
Fall
Professor
Staff
Tags
eye contact, International Phonetic Alphabet

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