exam2 studyguide 386 14 - Oberlin First Co-ed higher...

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OberlinFirst Co-ed higher education, open minded, religious reformers. Admitted men and women from the opening.limits - female students trained oratory; not allowed to give public graduation speeches.Seven SistersAll Women’s colleges (Mount Holyoke, Vassar, Wellesley, Smith, Bryn Mawr, Radcliffe, and Barnard)Curriculum equivalent to men, promoted student & teacher bond outside of the classroom equal to mother-daughter bond, had to fight against the claim of “un-sexing” womenMaria Mitchell1865 hired at Vassar, 1947 discovered a new comet, extended her astronomy students’ curfew at Vassar to view stars, she mentored the first generation of women’s astronomers.first woman American Association Advancement of ScienceAssociation of Collegiate Alumnae1881 women organize to form the ACA, now known as the American Association of University WomenEdward ClarkeHarvard grad., 1873 wrote Sex in Education, Women should not study as hard as men bc of menstruation; he was concerned with women’s reproductive system and biological demands. Compared women’s body to economic system and energy beingthe limiting agent, as women’s purpose is to reproduce.Danger of too intense education - gynecologist: "A woman may be highly cultured & accomplished, but her future husband will discover too late that he has married a large outfit of headaches & backaches instead of a woman fitted to take up the duties of life."“able-bodied womanhood”Catherine Beecher, women’s rights activist, promoting able-bodied womanhood and having perfect health and free of pain. This became the connection between women’s health and rights. Previously women were seen as weak, puberty sensitive processes, needing extra care to cultivate a proper reproductive system. And Age of Hysterical Women; illness was fashionable in the 1800s, to get attention and avoid sex, hyper emotional, fragile, and sensitive.Idea balance physical health & femininityElizabeth BlackwellIowa State College “ladies’ course of study”Est. in 1869, public land-grant school, "If young men are to be educated to fit them for successful, intelligent & practical farmers & mechanics, is it not as essential that young women should be educated… to properly understand & discharge their duties as wives of farmers & mechanics? We must teach the girls through our Agricultural College to acquire by practice a thorough knowledge of the art of conducting a well-regulated household, practiced in our Farm House, Boarding Hall, garden, dairy & kitchen."Career options - courses household equipment, institutional management, “women’s magazine/women’s newspaper column” journalism;Course of Study – Domestic Economics (Home Economics); “science to teach people how to live" blend chemistry, biology, engineering & economics into guidelines for daily life.

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