Philosophy exam #1 - Philosophy 101 Exam 1 1 The reason the...

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Philosophy 101 Exam 1 1. The reason the definition turns out to be circular is because the word being defined is used in the definition. For one to say that knowledge is cobblery, carpentry, and math means that he or she is saying that knowledge is the knowledge of shoe making, furniture making, and arithmetic. “Knowledge is the knowledge of shoe making” does not provide any information or give an explanation because one still has no idea of what the meaning of the word “knowledge” is. The reason a circular definition is wrong is because it leads to false intent or misconceptions. One may acquire false intent because he or she is not provided anything that is common between the examples of knowledge that are given. If a person cannot decipher what the common bond between the examples is, then he or she couldn’t possibly know what the term knowledge is. 2. In order to get information about the properties of objects, we must use our senses. The senses provide us with access to things and their properties. Objects in the world create specific impressions that are unique to each of the five senses. Through these impressions, we can determine the qualities of an object such as the size, odor, or shape. 3. The senses are the main attributor to the argument that knowledge is not perception. Whatever a person perceives must be perceived by the senses. There are qualities that are unique to each of the senses so that no sense can do more than it is capable of. An example of this is that a person cannot experience sound and sight with just the eyes. If one’s eyes cannot experience both sight and sound, then there is no way that the eyes alone can have the knowledge that there is a difference between sight and sound. So in effect, knowledge is not perception. This argument is an argument by counter-example because it supplies exceptions to the argument
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Shapiro during the Spring '06 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Philosophy exam #1 - Philosophy 101 Exam 1 1 The reason the...

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