Philosophy exam #2

Philosophy exam #2 - Philosophy 101 Exam # 2 1. The first...

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Philosophy 101 Exam # 2 1. The first thing that Descartes finds impossible to doubt is that he is a thinking thing. “I think, therefore I am,” is the statement where he derives that he is a thinking thing. It is impossible to doubt this because the act of doubting that you are thinking makes it true that you are thinking. Another reason it is impossible to doubt this is because it is conditionless. In other words, it does not depend on knowing if you are dreaming or being deceived by some evil spirit. If you are dreaming, you exist, or if an evil spirit is deceiving you, you exist because you must be a thing to dream or be deceived. 2. There are some arguments that the argument proving the existence of God is circular. Take the following into account. Descartes is using his clear and distinct apprehensions to determine whether there is a non-deceiving God. But only if God exists and is not a deceiver can someone even trust his or her C&D apprehensions. So how can he prove God exists using his C&D apprehensions when his C&D apprehensions can be only be certain if there is a God and he is not a deceiver? This is how critics argue the circularity of Descartes’ argument. Descartes’ argument, however, is not circular. It is not circular because Descartes had an independent argument for trusting his C&D apprehensions. The existence of God does not establish C&D apprehensions as a criteria, the cogito does. There are still things that he can trust even if God exists and is a deceiver, such as the cogito. He can trust the cogito because being a thinking thing does not depend on whether or not God exists. In other words, it is independent. 3.
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Shapiro during the Spring '06 term at Wisconsin.

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Philosophy exam #2 - Philosophy 101 Exam # 2 1. The first...

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