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1.Race, ethnicity and immigration a.Racial Segregationa.i.What is its history in the US? (Hocschild; Orfield & Lee; Colemana.i.1.Pre-1865a.i.1.a.Africans and descendants owned by white people; families grew = more slavesa.i.2.1865-1896a.i.2.a.13thAmendment—outlaw slaverya.i.2.b.14thAmendment—Defines human; due process andprotectiona.i.2.c.Plessy V. Ferguson: Separate but equal accommodations. a.i.3.Hochschild Quiz: a.i.3.a.It was legal for states to educate students in separate schools according to their race until what year? a.i.3.a.i.1954a.i.3.b.Jim Crow Laws: legal segregationa.i.4.1954: Brown V. Board of Education a.i.4.a.Overturning of Plessy ruling in regards to educationa.i.4.b.School segregation not legala.i.4.c.Forced comingling; 14thamendment a.i.4.d.Language in ruling not exhaustive. Schools not desegregated; no time linea.i.4.e.Little Rock Ninea.i.4.f.Civil Rights Act: a.i.4.f.i.Implemented time line; segregation illegal schools would be fined a.i.4.f.ii.Bussing: caused white flight, cross district bussing a.i.4.f.iii.1974: Miliken v. Bradley: no more cross district bussinga.i.4.g.Social Sciences in ruling: a.i.4.g.i.Dr. Kenney and Mamie Clark
Coleman quiz: a.ii.2.a.Coleman found that 10% of white students’ achievement was tied to which school they attended. For black students the figure was what?