Final Study Guide - 1 Race ethnicity and immigration a Racial Segregation a.i What is its history in the US(Hocschild Orfield Lee Coleman a.i.1 Pre-1865

Final Study Guide - 1 Race ethnicity and immigration a...

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1. Race, ethnicity and immigration a. Racial Segregation a.i. What is its history in the US? (Hocschild; Orfield & Lee; Coleman a.i.1. Pre-1865 a.i.1.a. Africans and descendants owned by white people; families grew = more slaves a.i.2. 1865-1896 a.i.2.a. 13 th Amendment—outlaw slavery a.i.2.b. 14 th Amendment—Defines human; due process and protection a.i.2.c. Plessy V. Ferguson: Separate but equal accommodations. a.i.3. Hochschild Quiz: a.i.3.a. It was legal for states to educate students in separate schools according to their race until what year? a.i.3.a.i. 1954 a.i.3.b. Jim Crow Laws: legal segregation a.i.4. 1954: Brown V. Board of Education a.i.4.a. Overturning of Plessy ruling in regards to education a.i.4.b. School segregation not legal a.i.4.c. Forced comingling; 14 th amendment a.i.4.d. Language in ruling not exhaustive. Schools not desegregated; no time line a.i.4.e. Little Rock Nine a.i.4.f. Civil Rights Act: a.i.4.f.i. Implemented time line; segregation illegal schools would be fined a.i.4.f.ii. Bussing: caused white flight, cross district bussing a.i.4.f.iii. 1974: Miliken v. Bradley: no more cross district bussing a.i.4.g. Social Sciences in ruling: a.i.4.g.i. Dr. Kenney and Mamie Clark
Coleman quiz: a.ii.2.a.Coleman found that 10% of white students’ achievement was tied to which school they attended. For black students the figure was what?

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