PSY 621 - Chp 1-3.docx - PSY 621 u2013 Psychology of Human...

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PSY 621 – Psychology of Human Sexuality Chapter 1 – Sexuality in Perspective Sex & Gender - Filled with ambiguity - Gender used to refer to being male or female or some other gender such as trans - Sex researcher Alfred Kinsey defined sex as behaviour that leads to orgasm; presents problem because you can reach orgasm without intercourse - Sexual behaviour as behaviour that produces arousal and increases the chance of orgasm Influences of Sexuality Religion - Source of values and ethics regarding sexuality, and thus a powerful influence on sexual attitudes and behaviours - Moral code is unique to each religion - 15 th century Christians believed that “wet dreams” (nocturnal emissions) resulted from intercourse with tiny spiritual creatures - Impact of religion on Canadians is more apparent in the discussion of abortion and homosexuality Science - The cultural context where Freud and other early sex researchers crafted their research and writing - Believed that women, like men are sexual creatures - The scientific study of sexuality tends to be interdisciplinary – a join effort by biologists, psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists and physicians Media - Programs and television play an influential role - Media can have 3 types of influence o Cultivation notion that people begin to think that what they see on television and in other media represents the mainstream of what happens in our culture o Agenda-setting the idea that the media define what is important and what is not by which stories they cover o Social learning idea that the media provide role models whom we imitate The Internet - Potential for both positive and negative effects on sexual health - There is greater online safety for youth today than in the past o Receive more talks in school about online safety Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Sexuality - Culture Traditional ideas and values passed down from generation to generation within a group and trans- mitted to members of the group by symbols (such as language). - Ethnocentrism The tendency to regard our own ethnic group and culture as superior to others’ and to believe that its customs and way of life are the standards by which other cultures should be judged. - Incest taboos Regulations prohibiting sexual interaction between close blood relatives, such as brother and sister or father and daughter. - No society has seen fit to leave sexuality unregulated; fear of social disruption o Both incest and sexual assault are illegal in Canada
Variations in Sexual Techniques - Kissing is one of the most common sexual techniques - Cunnilingus (mouth stimulations of the female genitals) is common in society and occurs in a few others - Inflicting pain is another common technique - Most groups have restrictions that forbid intercourse at certain times/situations Masturbation - Self-stimulation of the genitals to produce sexual arousal - Although it is done, some societies allow husbands to beat their wives when they masturbate Premarital and Extramarital Sex -

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