philosophy 231 summer07 - “lo ”4 PHILOSOPHY 231 Summer...

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Unformatted text preview: “lo ”4- PHILOSOPHY 231 Summer 2007 - Exam Two NAML»1 r-“ __________ ,_ PART ONE (24 points): Answer all of these questions on this sheet of paper. For Part nQ you may‘wot use either your notes or your book. 1. (1 point) According to Aristotle the aim of all human action is happiness. ‘ False 2. (1 point) According to Hobbes the only right we would have in the State of Nature would be the right not to be killed. True ' 3. (1 p‘oint) According to Hobbes the Social Contract is the result of fear. ‘ False 4. (1 point) According to Kant it is not morally right to lie unless it’s the only way to save someone's life. . ‘ \\ (1/ True , 5. (2 points) Using examples explain the two functions of the rational part of the soul according to ‘ " on Wm mum 0W5 Wachufl twsonugg. mmwaj‘ gifts is something m at v we mm QY} _ , .7 ¥ Pmcgncofl vgagbonmg $6 Jomc—rhmg \(oo QCQyWe WYGUQYV flow, mcxamw ()3on WWW gov express 3w comm! ~ .moints) Give an example of how a virtue is relative “to us" according to Aristotle. _ . PM QXQWUL modal toe afi‘refigm gomg into a policing 105031Q someone. Has not being virtuous but atom hue “ ‘ lent 0w (350' NW it a \l or (ltd box; 5%: 61 Du r9 ' “59"“ WOW init Keeuns M10 600m Wm WW ‘QQ\M V\Y1’Ubu5. Q @ Z7. (3 points) Using an example thoroughly explain what Hobbes meant when he said “It is vain for a man to have a right to the end, if the right to the necessary means be denied him". Hobbes ts saying W it got) New 0\ eight to \S‘Eif’PYafer-yafioh men gol mood kaolin Right to have whatever its neutral/g» . 10am so. FOY emmple, (Demure you have 0 Had “itself Pyesfrvmg 0“ amtwwmce comeo (ma pros: you UP wmhyou are dying. Tm only) fixing ‘\‘Y\OC\ com Jon/e you is +lmg rum) drug; hows/av, me (loam *€\\S \lou +m+ you com MVQ 3+ ‘ $035308: fit? W “W W it“ m «6» NO e sel— wa‘ m) -~, g (i066? { “we hm WU WhtquL’rouflo 3 8. (3 points) Explain why Kant wants moral laws to be universal (absolutely true in all cases). \éotm does not \NOSM (mime to we an excwfion. HCWlPJ/QS it mOYaQ We o/Utvnlvemw Win the ow), tum we mm 010th 0ch mommy. V 9. apgfis) Thoroughly explain why Kant thinks it would be irrational to want a universal law that allowed people to make lying promises. ll peopu wwmwtd -\‘o maze wing vmmlker, 4-th WW (Doha gm eva extra (1 one to believe \AGU when go) ON mum Menu ? its odoSOW’rely irrational) because 9V OWL Uooud \OSQ/rrofi in one, (DQOWR <{ m Vlu/MA M W Malay“ l3“), mmuu~yro~w~u fl , 492 were; 10. (2 points) State the 1St formulation of Kant’s Categorical Imperative. . - Peopte smum (LEV m Ouncw somaJr-tne mrmm ott‘new‘ germ can Rommallg bewillcdcw a Ul’erJéU Law 11. (4 points) Using an example, thoroughly explain what Kant means by A Good Will. Make sure to include a thorough discussion of motives. A GLOOO mm “\8 Mn oeofle do §bmethin3 “WNW. 900d one got momma cutot \3r- This mO‘l’lVQ '5 itis not \‘xve the Second mmmgjmwgk 1+ C0732?” ”in a peach)“ {5c YQLQNQJ Tana/gt- MT “0+ mum wwvmg m m mom vewan - Pr 5 ‘ " ' ‘ “0 Cavern/imam, \ e we thwd mew/Q mthugx $02200“ ' this (am YthflV€$ \m *6 mun/ta MemmpUu ‘ ‘ mwd beqavmg W loci 3m \jmpraxr‘ am Them hen you are finished with Part One, turn it in and begin Part Two — the question is written on the board. You may use your book, but you may not use your notes. ...
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