Chapter 7 Notes - Chapter 7 Notes Political Parties What are political parties o Organizations that run candidates for political office and coordinate

Chapter 7 Notes - Chapter 7 Notes Political Parties What...

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Chapter 7 Notes: Political Parties What are political parties? o Organizations that run candidates for political office and coordinate the actions of officials elected under the party banner o America – Republican (1854) vs. Democratic (early 1800s) o Major aspects of political parties Party organization – a specific political party’s leaders and workers at the national, state, and local levels Party in gov’t – the group of officeholders who belong to a specific political party and were elected as candidates at that party Party in the electorate – the group of citizens who identify with a specific political party History of American Political Parties o Party system – a period in which the names of the major political parties, their supporters, and the issues dividing them remain relatively stable 1. 1789-1828 Federalists & Democratic-Republican a. Location of capital, financial issues b. No national party organizations, few citizens thought of themselves as party members, and candidates for office did not campaign as representatives of a political party 2. 1829-56 Democrats & Whigs a. Tariffs (farmers vs. merchants), slavery b. Democratic Party embodies 2 new innovations b.i.
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