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WEEK 7 - SUMMARIZING, PARAPHRASING & QUOTING.docx - WEEK 7...

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WEEK 7 – SUMMARIZING, PARAPHRASING & QUOTINGUNLOCKING OF DIFFICULTIESGuess the meanings of the underlined words using context clues found in the passagesfrom the reading.1.There is no doubt that the growth of consumptionhas yielded major improvements in thequality of life. But when we add up all the items we consume and consider the overall impact,the picture gets murkier.MEANING: _________________________________________________2. Consumerismblossomed -- both as a social ideology and in terms of a high rate of realspending. Faced with the need to sell to a middle-class whose basic needs had already beenmet, advertisers had to persuade Americans to buy things they didn't really need.MEANING: _________________________________________________3.The Depressionreinforced these tendencies, leaving among its legacies a long lasting emphasison security in the form of material success.MEANING: _________________________________________________4.Trade unionists, social and religious reformers understood that since the consumption ofluxuries necessitated long hours of work, consumerism would keep most Americansimprisoned in capitalism's "squirrel cage."MEANING: _________________________________________________5.The inability of the consumerist lifestyle to create durable satisfaction can be seen in thesyndrome of "keeping up with the Joneses." This competition is based on the fact that it is notthe absolute level of consumption that matters but how much one consumes relative to one'speers.MEANING: __________________________________________________6.It's not easy to get off the income treadmill and into a new, more leisured lifestyle. Mrs. Smithand Mrs. Jones are trapped in a classic Prisoner's Dilemma: Both would be better off with morefree time; but without cooperation, they will stick to the long-hours, high-consumption choice.MEANING: __________________________________________________
7.Over two thirds of the population also says it would "welcome less emphasis on money." Yetmillions of working parents see their children or spouses far less than they should or would liketo. "Working" mothers complain they have no time for themselves. My explanation forthis paradoxicalbehavior is that people are trapped by the cycle of work-and-spend.MEANING: ___________________________________________________8.Given the paucityof part-time jobs for men, it will be almost impossible for John to secure aposition in a managerial, professional, or administrative capacity.MEANING: ___________________________________________________9.Work-and-spend is driven by productivity growth. Whether the annual incrementis 3 percent,as it was for much of the postwar period, or less, as in recent years, it provides the chanceeither to raise income or to reduce working hours.MEANING: ___________________________________________________10.Jane's switch to part-time will be less traumatic, because more women work part time. Herearnings loss will be less, because women are already discriminated against in full-time work.But still Jane will most likely be relegatedto the bottom part of the female labor market --service, sales and clerical jobs.MEANING: ___________________________________________________READING“The Creation of Discontent” by Juliet SchorCOMPREHENSION QUESTIONSAnswer the following questions about the reading:1.According to the article, why can’t increased purchasing power andacquisitions of material goods make one happy?

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