3RD PLANET STUDY GUIDE QUESTIONS sec1 - 3RD PLANET STUDY...

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3 RD PLANET STUDY GUIDE QUESTIONS SECTION ONE QUESTIONS AN INTRODUCTION TO THE SCIENCES Define science Mode of inquiry attempts to get knowledge of the physical universe by observation and by testing of hypotheses How do scientific questions differ from nonscientific questions? Tries to answer questions about the physical universe What are two fundamental assumptions on which science is based? Nature is understandable, and nature follows basic laws What are the four characteristics of science discussed in class? Divided into fields of study, has method mode of inquiry, scientists, body of knowledge What is the difference between a scientific hypothesis, theory, and principle? Hypothesis – explanation that fits facts and testable Theory – higher Principle – proven theory What is the scientific method? How correct are scientific conclusions? Very little, What is the difference between pure (theoretical) and applied research? Theoretical is understanding nature Applied is controlling nature (technology) What role does science play in society?
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Understand nature, pure or theoretical science, controlling nature OUR PLACE IN SPACE: ASTRONOMY AND THE UNIVERSE ANCIENT ASTRONOMY Where and when did our rational view of the universe begin? Greek Aristotle 384 BC Who is considered the father of western science? Aristotle What did Aristotle consider to be elements? Earth, water, air, fire What properties did these elements have? Earth goes down, water goes down less, air goes up, and fire goes up even more How did Aristotle believe the universe was arranged? Objects held up by crystal spheres in the sky Who was Ptolemy and what influential book did he write? Alexandrian geographer/ astronomer. Wrote almagest. How did Ptolemy believe the universe functioned? The planets? Geocentric universe, epicycles Could the ancient Greek view of the Universe be considered just common sense? Yes Why or why not is this so? That’s all they could see. RENAISSANCE and ENLIGHTENMENT ASTRONOMY Who was Copernicus and what was his contribution to astronomy?
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Proposed heliocentric hypothesis. Published De Revolutionibus What is the heliocentric theory? Everything goes around the sun.
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course GEO 1013 taught by Professor Hefner during the Spring '07 term at The University of Texas at San Antonio- San Antonio.

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3RD PLANET STUDY GUIDE QUESTIONS sec1 - 3RD PLANET STUDY...

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