3RD PLANET STUDY GUIDE sec2

3RD PLANET STUDY GUIDE sec2 - 3RD PLANET STUDY GUIDE...

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3 RD PLANET STUDY GUIDE SECTION TWO QUESTIONS GEOLOGY - THE SCIENCE OF THE EARTH OUR PLACE IN TIME What is geology? Geo=earth /ology=study of What are its two main branches of Geology and what do they cover? Physical geo- volcanoes physical things Historical geo- what has happened? What relationship is there between geologic processes and human affairs? Material goods, geologic disasters, were we live, world history, philosophy Prior to the science of Geology, what was the age of the Earth considered to be? Pre-18 th century European thinking, Several thousand years, according to archbishop usher (1581-1656) world was created on oct 23, 4004 b.c.(6000 yrs) Who was Steno and what were his contributions to Geology? Father of stratigraphy, priest born in north, trained as a medical man, (Niels stensen 1638-1686) wrote the prodromus, law of superposition & original horizontality described unconformities. What is the law of superposition? What is on bottom came first What are unconformities? Break in normal layers What is the law of crosscutting relationships? Things that cut across rocks are younger then what they cut through. Who was William Smith and what was his contribution to Geology?
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(1769-1839) principle of faunal succession What is the principle of faunal succession? You could tell what kind of rock by the fossil Who was James Hutton and what was his contribution to the science of Geology? (1726-1797) uniformitarianism “the present is the key to the past” What is the concept of Uniformitarianism? The present is the key to the past, How do Uniformitarianism and Catastrophism differ? Catastrophism is laws change after a catastrophe, uniformitarianism is laws change. Who was Charles Lyell and what was his contribution to the science of Geology?
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3RD PLANET STUDY GUIDE sec2 - 3RD PLANET STUDY GUIDE...

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