THINKING AND ANALYSISWHY IT MATTERS: THINKING AND ANALYSISWatch these middle school teachers discuss “21st-Century Skills,” or the skills they teach their students to besuccessful in the twenty-first century. As you watch the video, think back to your experiences in middle school.Watch this video online:Were you taught these types of skills in middle or high school? Most likely, the answer is no. Unfortunately, oureducation system often focuses on facts and statements rather than the mental processes behind learning. In thissection, we’ll focus on how human beings think—and how understanding thought can help you learn.For more information on this topic, watch this TED Talk calledHow to think, not what to thinkby JesseRichardson:Watch this video online:Licensing & AttributionsCC licensed content, Original•Why It Matters: Thinking and Analysis.Provided by: Lumen Learning.License:CC BY: AttributionAll rights reserved content•21st Century Skills in Action: Critical thinking, creative thinking, and problem solving.Authored by: VBSchools.Located at:.License:All Rights Reserved.License Terms: Standard YouTube
PATTERNS OF THOUGHTIt is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.—Aristotle, Greek philosopherWhat Is Thought?“Cogito ergo sum.” This famous Latin phrase comes from French philosopher René Descartes in the early 1600s.Translated into English, it means “I think, therefore I am.” It’s actually a profound philosophical idea, and peoplehave argued about it for centuries: we exist, and we are aware that we exist, because we think. Without thoughtor the ability to think, we don’t exist. Do you agree? Even if you think Descartes got it wrong, most would say thatthought is intimately connected to being human and that, as humans, we are all thinking beings.LEARNING OBJECTIVESBy the end of this section, you will be able to:•Identify different patterns of thought, such as those found in Bloom’s taxonomy
What, then, are thinking and thought? Below are some basic working definitions:•Thinkingis the mental process you use to form associations and models of the world. When you think,you manipulate information to form concepts, to engage in problem-solving, to reason, and to makedecisions.•Thoughtcan be described as the act of thinking that produces thoughts, which arise as ideas, images,sounds, or even emotions.