OB CH 6 outline - Kristin Chen CH 6 OB Outline (p. 208-221)...

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Kristin Chen CH 6 OB Outline (p. 208-221) 1. Prejudice: Negative Attitudes Toward Others a. Prejudice = negative attitudes toward the members of specific groups based solely on the fact that they are members of those groups (e.g. age, race, sexual orientation) 2. The Challenge of Organizational Demography a. People tend to be uncomfortable with those who are different b. i. Due to 3 key trends 1. Unequal shifts in the birth rate (America = more ethnically diverse) 2. Influx of foreign national to American workforce 3. Gender parity in the workforce ii. c. Organizational demography = the nature of the composition of a workforce with respect to various characteristics (e.g. age, gender, ethnic makeup, etc.) i. Often results in turnover ii. Some individuals are left out from communication networks -> performance falters iii. “the greater the dissimilarity betw. group members, the more negative outcomes such as conflicts, divisiveness, or turn over are likely to result” 3. Anatomy of Prejudice: Some Basic Distinctions a. Stereotypes i. = beliefs that individuals possess certain characteristics because of their membership in certain groups b. Discrimination i. The behavior consistent with a prejudicial attitude; the act of treating someone negatively because of his or her membership in a specific group c. Prejudice vs. discrimination—a key distinction i. Prejudice is an attitude 1. Negative stereotype belief 2. Negative feelings evaluative judgment 3. Negative inclination behavioral predisposition ii. Discrimination refers to behavior based on that attitude 1. Action behavior 4. Everyone is a victim of Prejudice! a. Prejudice based on age i. Against old people (old people are too set in their ways, sick, accident-prone) ii. Against young people (self-development = main interest) b. Prejudice based on physical condition i. Disabled are ready, willing, and able to perform some type of work
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OB CH 6 outline - Kristin Chen CH 6 OB Outline (p. 208-221)...

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