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Running head: HIV/AIDS1HIV/ AIDS EPIDEMICPETER UWAKWEWALDEN UNVERSITY
HIV/AIDS2How the HIV/AIDS epidemic has changed since it first emerged in 1981.The epidemic emerged in 1981, AIDS was perceived as a deadly disease that was transmissiblefrom person to person, as well as closely associated with historically disenfranchised groups andculturally and historically taboo issues such as sexual orientation, drug use, and commercial sexwork (Tomaszewski, 2012). There have been several public health successes that have beenachieved during the AIDS epidemic. Some of the achievements include the disease-monitoringsystems that were established following the first reports in 1981. The data from the systemhelped determine how AIDS was transmitted and provided a basis for the Public Health Service(PHS) to make appropriate prevention recommendations (CDC, 2011). The licensure of a bloodtest to screen the nation's blood supply and donor and self-deferral measures dramaticallyreduced the incidence of transfusion-associated HIV infections (CDC, 2011).According to CDC, less than one in 450,000--660,000 screened blood donations are estimated tobe contaminated with HIV. Despite the reduction of numbers of patients with HIV/AIDS, Stigmaand discrimination are universally experienced by individuals living with and affected byHIV/AIDS (Tomaszewski, 2012). The incidence of HIV infection has steadily increased incommunities of color, resource poor populations, and among men who have sex with men, allwho are already subject to prejudice and discrimination (Tomaszewski, 2012). The stigmapatients with AIDS/AIDS positive can be experienced at both the individual and societal level.