Unformatted text preview: elow that delineated the difference between homeland security and emergency management as a one hazard approach as opposed to all hazard approach. "Programs are not orientated enough to all hazards planning."1-1 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "HS programs are too focused on terrorism threats to large population centers. While they espouse the principle of all hazards their grant language is solely focused on technology and equipment solutions and has very little guidance on establishing priorities or baseline capabilities. HS does not seem to acknowledge that any large metropolitan area in a WMD or other large impact event cannot handle the event alone. Surrounding and even small municipalities will need to have training as well." 2-1 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Terrorism is still a big issue with Homeland Security and they need to understand that the all-hazards concept includes terrorism." 2-13 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Focus on one hazard, terrorism, at expense of preparedness for other more likely hazards." 1-8 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Homeland security has focused on one threat, terrorism, or more specifically weapons of mass destruction attacks conducted by nihilist Muslim extremist groups. This has translated itself into the purchase of response equipment and the redistribution of taxpayer funds based on terror threat and political expediency. It has lead to severe duplication of efforts in that arena and a reduction of funds and efforts in the all hazard approach regarding the totality of threats facing communities. Political figures endorse DHS policy because they get "things" that they can display to their constituency to indicate that they are doing something. Response agencies get "things" that they may or may not have use for. Bureaucracies get more people to monitor and administratively support the program thus building their dynasties. To get or maintain funds, emergency management must go along with this concept. 26 Issues, Principles And Attitudes Oh My! Examining Perceptions from Select Academics, Practitioners And Consultants on the Subject of Emergency Management Carol L. Cwiak, North Dakota State University The public on the other hand is lulled into a sense of security by large bureaucracies headed by powerful figures with great credentials and media recognition who insist that they have things under control." 2-12 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Terrorism centric focus there is a downplaying of other types of hazards." 1-10 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "The Department of Homeland Security has one principle mission to prevent a terrorist attack from occurring on American soil. EM programs reducing the impacts of these events, preparing the public for these events and dealing with consequences of these events have been marginalized by DHS' singular focus on prevention. FEMA and the nation's EM system are ill served by being included in DHS. The focus of DHS and decision-makers, especially at the Federal government level, on the terrorism prevention mission resulted in reducing the capabilities and capacities of the nation's EM system to effectively practice all four phases of EM. The result was the Katrina failure." 3-6 Additionally, participants focused in on a one responder focus in homeland security as opposed to the collaborative nature of emergency management. "Law enforcement focus rather than "all responders" focus" 1-8 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Military and law enforcement focus all other actors seem to be irrelevant." 1-10 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Homeland security is seen as primarily a law enforcement type activity. Although some of the terrorism grant monies have been used to purchase items that have dual use, most emergency managers will tell you the homeland security or terrorism emphasis has detracted from many of the normal and needed functions re: emergency management and those programs have suffered as result. HS is more narrowly focused." 2-5 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Homeland Security programs tend to be based on secrecy and everything being confidential. No open dialogue or sharing with anyone outside the security-type responders." 2-11 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Anytime a single entity takes charge of a program it will see the world through its own glasses. Emergency managers were redheaded stepchildren from the inception of Homeland Security, including FEMA. This stems back to a core issue that has existed back through the military foundations of this field: people in operations are the most important. Planners, logistics staff, finance and administration, and public affairs staffs are just tools that assist operations. Law enforcement sees themselves as operations in Homeland Security, pure and simple." 3-9 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ "Emphasis is on law enforcement, international threats, systems and procedures to safeguard facilities (excessive guns and badges culture)." 3-10 Other participants focused on a cultural difference or difference in operating...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course EM EM-2212-26 taught by Professor Arlenemacgregor during the Spring '08 term at Mass Maritime.
- Spring '08
- The American, Emergency service