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Unformatted text preview: Carol L. Cwiak, North Dakota State University box compliance issues. Or they were used to hire state staff and the like. Finally the funds that were passed through went to key election districts or, as in New Jersey, population centers, who are notorious for misusing funds with little or no accountability. With the advent of Homeland Security the funds again were retained by the state and they focused on security issues and not all hazard issues. 2-12 II 1. Lack of emergency management doctrine in a single set of manuals or regulations. 2. Emergency management is not really recognized as a profession. 3. Emergency management education is haphazard at best. 2-2 Concur ~ The State level Emergency Management organization needs to apply cyclical training for the Emergency Managers currently in the profession. 2-7 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Somewhat Concur ~ I believe this has been true in the past but that the field is evolving into a recognized profession. 2-9 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Concur ~A doctrine is a great idea, but this is such a new field and the concepts are changing so quickly that it would be difficult to have a manual that wasn't out of date as soon as it was published. EM education is haphazard for the same reason this is a new field. There are projects in the works to create a process for accrediting EM education. But it can't be done overnight. 2-11 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Concur ~ Since the demise of FEMA as a federal goal and policy setter there is no one place where the rules of emergency management are set out. This must come from the senior policy makers of the community. The heyday of FEMA as a responsive agency was because James Lee Witt held a cabinet position with the power to get things done and the President's ear. Witt's commitment to mitigation was made clear over and over, policies and goals that supported this were embraced; those who did not were rejected. Reagan had a similar focus on civil defense during his administration and the results were similar. Like it or not the focus was clear. This relates to the professional status of emergency management as well. If the key players relegate emergency management to an also ran position, and then not follow up on policies, goals or funding, how can one expect local officials to regard EM with the same level of professionalism as before. Training has suffered dramatically with the check in the box attitude that is prevalent in most government organizations. They are more interested in compliance than developing a capable workforce. The advent of on line training has been a boon to the states. They can invest their FEMA funds in their state universities or agencies to develop on line or in house programs, thus keeping funds in the state coffers, and then distribute the on line courses to the locals, (read-soft match funding) to demonstrate how they trained thousands of personnel each year with their funds. In that agencies can buy answers to on line courses on e-bay, or have one person take the test for all employees or even have the answers distributed so that everyone can go on- line simultaneously is not even considered. If this is the manner that is being allowed by the fed then how can one expect locals to treat these programs with any credibility? To be a police officer, fire fighter, EMS,
Issues, Principles And Attitudes Oh My! Examining Perceptions from Select Academics, Practitioners And Consultants on the Subject of Emergency Management Carol L. Cwiak, North Dakota State University or business administrator one has to go to an academy or have a formal education. To be an emergency manager one has to be appointed. I guess a university would allow me to test out on- line for my PHD right? 2-12 II Changes in emergency management (EM) practices/procedures that will be forthcoming in the rewrite of the National Response Plan (NRP) and NIMS; Establishment of new multi-agency strike teams for response and assessment and other changes directed by the Post Katrina Emergency Reform Act/FY 2007 DHS Appropriations Act, P.L. 109295; High cost of disaster response/recovery to the American taxpayer; Lost culture of personal responsibility for emergency preparedness; Focus on national security significant funding available to state/local governments; Loss of institutional knowledge due to retiring/departing EM officials; Media coverage driving response actions. Use media to deliver life-saving information. 2-3 Concur ~ 2-7 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Somewhat Concur ~ 2-9 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Somewhat Concur ~ The NRP, NIMS, multi-agency strike teams, media coverage, focus on national security are constructs that will change and can be addressed more easily than the high cost of response/recovery, lack of personal responsibility and loss of institutional knowledge. 2-11 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Somewhat Concur ~ Response is expensive, but disasters do happen. One must realize that. If the nation desires to create safer a community then emergency management must be part of government at all levels. That does not mean staffing a position as a "secon...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course EM EM-2212-26 taught by Professor Arlenemacgregor during the Spring '08 term at Mass Maritime.
- Spring '08
- The American