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Issues, Principles And Attitudes Oh My! Examining Perceptions from Select Academics, Practitioners And Consultants on the Subject of Emergency Management Carol L. Cwiak, North Dakota State University Do Not Concur ~ They are more the reality of the situation and not necessarily negative.1-3 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Somewhat Concur ~ This survey is taking place in the current context. Asking the same questions 5 years from now will be interesting... 1-4 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Do Not Concur ~ 1-7 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Somewhat Concur ~1-8 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Somewhat Concur ~ 1-9 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Concur ~ 1-11 II I think it is imperative that our principles, theory and policies be based on sound assumptions. For instance, I think it is crucial that we accept the following as fact: 1. Our nation will be affected by many different types of hazards. 2. We can determine our vulnerability (but cannot always control hazards). 3. Addressing vulnerability requires an acceptance of the multi-causality and complexity of disasters. 4. It is best to be engaged in prevention activities. 5. Because we cannot prevent or anticipate everything, we must be prepared and be willing to improvise. 6. Emergency management requires the involvement of all sectors (public, private and non-profit) and citizens as well. 1-10 Concur ~ #5 and #6 are the essence of where we should be. 1-3 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Concur ~ This sets the context very well. 1-4 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Concur ~ 1-7 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Concur ~ True, but not insightful. 1-8 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Concur ~ 1-9 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Somewhat Concur ~ 1-11 II Appreciate that I have provided information from a New Zealand perspective and am happy to elaborate on points further. Would be interesting to see if there are common principles that can be applied internationally and that is where my interest lies. 1-11 Concur ~I believe the principles will apply in different settings (geographical or jurisdictional) but the practices will vary accordingly. 1-4 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Issues, Principles And Attitudes Oh My! Examining Perceptions from Select Academics, Practitioners And Consultants on the Subject of Emergency Management Carol L. Cwiak, North Dakota State University Concur ~ I had observed over two years ago that Australia and New Zealand might be more advanced than the US. Israel is another nation that has learned to cope. Many lessons to be learned from their combined experiences and their results (Notice I did not refer to their educational norms, mores or model). 1-7 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Concur ~ Globalization is a reality that must be faced and taken advantage of. 1-8 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Concur ~ 1-9 II PRACTITIONER GROUP Phase I responses are in black. Phase II comments to Phase I responses are in blue. Q1A. What do you believe are the most important issues/items/topics in emergency management as they apply to the practitioner? Proper funding of emergency management at the state, local and federal level is a continuing issue. Many rural or smaller jurisdictions only have a half-time person. EMPG from the federal level has consistently been under funded for years. It is the only additional funding source that allows for personnel expenses and building emergency management organizations. 2-1 Concur ~ 2-7 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Concur ~ 2-9 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Concur ~ However, adequate funding isn't only a problem at a state/local/fed government level. It is a problem at all institutions (including education, where I am). Funding equates with recognition and value of a program by its constituents. At the public or nonprofit institutions, that generally comes from the community because the focus is on people. At private institutions, that comes from shareholders because the focus is on the bottom line. 2-11 II ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Somewhat Concur ~ In part the statement is true, but the issue is not just adequate funding it involves the distribution of funding. Prior to 1992 FEMA funding was on a contractual basis with the states. No more than 50% of the monies under the CCA were allowed to be used by the state itself. The remainder had to be passed down to local jurisdictions. This was documented and investigated by the fed for accuracy. Individual program areas within the CCA also had very clear requirements and quarterly reports by the states to FEMA were reviewed. Under the Clinton administration the FEMA funding became a block grant. States could use terms such as soft match and assistance to show how the use of EMPG funds benefited local governments. As anyone who was in state government will tell you, the EMPG became the cocktail party grant of the governors. States kept as much as 95% of the monies. They cut existing programs to the bone to supplement their state issue programs. Many of these related to election year pork projects and check in the
Issues, Principles And Attitudes Oh My! Examining Perceptions from Select Academics, Practitioners And Consultants on the Subject of Emergency Management...
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- Spring '08
- The American