Ch. 1 - Psychology and Life

Ch. 1 - Psychology and Life - General Psychology Chapter 1...

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General Psychology Chapter 1: Psychology and Life Definition of Psychology What is human nature? Formally Defined as “the scientific study of behavior of individuals and there mental processes” Parts of Definition Scientific Make conclusions based on evidence gathered using the scientific method Behavior Study how organism reacts (or behaves) to certain environments/stimuli Individual Usually an individual is most likely the subject of psychological analysis Mental Study individuals mental processes Mental process influences behavior, etc. The Goals of Psychology Describe, Explain, Predict, and Control Behavior Describing what happens Behavioral Data – reports about behavior of an organism and the condition they are in Level of analysis – what level will be studied for data, fine or broad? Objectivity – collecting facts as they exist not how the researcher might want them to be Explaining what happens Goes beyond what can be observed What causes something to happen, the organism to do something Internal and External factors Must look at many factors to determine a problem Predicting what will happen An accurate explanation of underlying forms of behavior will let a psychologist make good predictions Explanations are judged at how well they are used to predict stuff Controlling what happens Starting it, stopping it, maintaining it, and influencing its form, strength or rate of occurrence gives psychologist ways of helping people improve their lives Psychology's Historical Foundations “Psychology has a long past, but only a short history” - Hermann Ebbinghaus (1908/1973) Toward 19 th century psychology emerged when researchers applied research techniques from other fields of study. Willhelm Wundt Founded first lab devoted to psychology (1879 Leipzig, Germany) Wrote “Principles of Physiological Psychology” First Psychology lab in North America John Hopkins University 1883 Edward Titchener One of first psychologist in United States Founded lab at Cornell University (1892) William James Wrote “The Principles of Psychology (1890/1950) Many consider most important psychology text ever written Structuralism and Functionalism Psychologists debated which should be used/studied
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  • Fall '08
  • Watkins
  • Psychology, General Psychology, mental processes, Psychology and Life, Psychology Psychology, Current Psychological Perspectives Perspective Psychodynamic Behaviorist Humanistic Cognitive Biological Evolutionary Sociocultural Focus of Study

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Ch. 1 - Psychology and Life - General Psychology Chapter 1...

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