Chapter 11 REVIEW

Chapter 11 REVIEW - Chapter 11 9:56:00 PM There are 10...

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Chapter 11 11/12/2007 21:56:00 There are 10 DSM-IV-TR personality disorders organized into three groups: Cluster A: Odd or Eccentric Personality Disorder Paranoid Personality Disorder: Personality traits involving extreme distrust and suspiciousness. Result from interactions of the psychosocial experiences during childhood and inherited temperamental traits. Schizotypal Personality Disorder: A pattern of eccentricities (unconventional or slightly strange) of behavior, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and acute discomfort in close relationships. Biological Component: Have some structural and functional brain abnormalities typically seen in schizophrenia o Left frontal lobe ventricles were somewhat enlarged compared to unaffected participants Cognitive-Behavioral Component: the people make strange connections among disparate phenomena and have highly idiosyncratic views of casual relationships Schizoid Personality Disorder: A pattern of detachment from social relationships and restricted range of emotional expressions. Biological Components: can have a substantial genetic basis o Research on Temperaments (innate behavioral tendencies present at birth) indicates that some personality disorders may result from an interaction between genetically determined temperament and environmental influences Psychodynamic Components: viewed as a defensive withdrawal from full human connectedness and feeling Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic Personality Disorders Antisocial Personality Disorder: A pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of other Biological Component: a deficiency in normal anxiety reactions o Actions which would usually make a normal human uncomfortably anxious are not anxiety provoking to a person with an anti-social trait Cognitive-Behavior Component: research has found that many anti-social children have anti-social parents.
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