Compartmentalization Notes - 7 Mitochondria used to be a...

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Compartmentalization Notes 1. Why are cells small? To increase the amount of surface area 2. Hereditary material could not fit into infinitely small cells 3. Eukaryotic cells are larger than prokaryotic cells 4. 2 types of prokaryotic cells: archaea and bacteria 5. Compartmentalization: parts of cells have certain jobs, increase surface tension. Having parts inside of the larger cell 6. Endoplasmic reticulum
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Unformatted text preview: 7. Mitochondria used to be a prokaryotic cells 8. Mitochondria generate ATP 9. Nucleus contains genetic material; DNA 10. Membranes are folded to increase surface area 11. ER: rough and smooth. Rough ER makes proteins with ribosomes; makes lipids, steroids, metabolism of carbohydrates, breaks down toxins in cell 12. Organelle; a part of the cell that allows for specialization...
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